Measurement Library

Canadian School of Hydrocarbon Measurement Publications (2017)

Canadian School of Hydrocarbon Measurement

Climate Policy Implementation
Author(s): Ian Kuwahara
Abstract/Introduction:
AER will use the following approaches: Applying new emissions design standards to new Alberta facilities Improving measurement and reporting of methane emissions, as well as leak detection and repair requirements Developing a joint initiative on methane reduction and verification for existing facilities, and backstopping this with regulated standards that take effect in 2020.
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Document ID: 737B2C54

Canadian School Of Hydrocarbon Measurement AGA-3 Basics
Author(s): Phil Barg
Abstract/Introduction:
American Gas Association Report No.3, referred to as AGA-3 is a standard for the construction and operation of orifice meters in an application where low levels of uncertainty are required, and where flow proving of the meter is not easily accomplished. AGA-3 is published in conjunction with the American Petroleum Institute. API titles the document API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards Chapter 14.3, referred to as API MPMS 14.3. The document has been adopted by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as an American National Standard.
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Document ID: 27FF2B01

Common Measurement Errors And The Impact On Allocation Between Producers
Author(s): Bob Gray
Abstract/Introduction:
Well was completed in May 2012 Well did not come on production until late July 2012 Production accountant used April 2012 analysis for 201207-201306 Well volumes were understated by about 2.25% (7,000) Well revenue was under allocated by 7.5% (33,000) Sampled N2
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Document ID: 8DD7775E

Product Allocations - Faults And Fixes
Author(s): Bob Gray
Abstract/Introduction:
Product allocations are performed because it is common practice for multiple producers to commingle their production in a single gathering and processing system and producers need to know what their share of the products delivered from that system is. To the layman, the answer is simple, just give them what they deliver into the system. However, as anyone who works in the industry knows, there are many reasons why this is not so. These reasons are: 1. Metering is not 100% accurate, 2. Fluid sampling is not 100% accurate and can in fact be highly inaccurate, 3. Not everyone delivers the same quality of product (sweet, sour, rich and lean), 4. Not everyone shares the same processes and wells flow through different pipelines, facilities and even processes before the products can be extracted and sold.
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Document ID: BBEAE405

Sampling And Subsampling - What Impacts? A Guide To Liquid Hydrocarbon Analysis
Author(s): Derek Fraser
Abstract/Introduction:
Purpose: Identify Sampling and Sample Preparation Impact on Liquid Hydrocarbon Data Quality Process: Outline Sampling Techniques, Containers, and Sample preparation techniques Payoff: Improve Sample Quality, improve Understanding of Sampling of Liquid Hydrocarbon, basic understanding of specific analytical methods
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Document ID: 0F070F69

Considerations For Using Large Diameter Coriolis Mass Flow Meters In Oil & Gas Applications
Author(s): Steffen Baecker
Abstract/Introduction:
Temperature effects include Stiffness Expansion and contraction Stresses Coriolis meter offers Thin wall tubes enclosed in an outer case RTD is bonded to the outside of measuring tube Temperature data is made available to the user
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Document ID: D30A9B72

Coriolis Flow Meters: What Makes It Tick, What Makes It Sick
Author(s): Michael Keilty
Abstract/Introduction:
What are the Industry Drivers to Change Measurement Methods Environmental Pressure Minimize activities in the field Reduce emissions Reduce failures via high-reliability equipment Predictive versus routine maintenance Economic Drivers Increase performance and confidence Highly accurate and repeatable measurement
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Document ID: 639871CA

Hands-on Water Cut By Coriolis Meter
Author(s): Don Hammil
Abstract/Introduction:
A flow computer can determine the instantaneous water oil ratio from the live measured density if the density of the water is constant and the density of the oil is constant. Example S.G. of water is known to be 1.05 S.G. of oil is known to be 0.85 Instantaneous measured density 0.95 Therefore the current ratio of oil to water is 50%.
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Document ID: 982FD2A0

Cost Savings Using Multipath Ultrasonic Measurement In Upstream Gas Applications
Author(s): Peter Harris Wade Stinson
Abstract/Introduction:
Orifice is typical Has many benefits when applied correctly Turbine is also used in certain applications Both devices begin to wear once operating Accuracy begins to degrade depending on application Turn-down ratio is limited thus under and over range is common Orifice range can be changed with different plate ID (Beta Ratio) EFM requires this updated information Require regular maintenance to ensure best operation
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Document ID: 4EDA6984

Creating Realistic Cybersecurity Policies
Author(s): David Blanco
Abstract/Introduction:
Attacks against SCADA Increasing trends of attacks North America has most SCADA on Internet ICS-CERT reported 189 new equipment vulnerabilities ICS-CERT responded to 295 incidents in 2015 True attack numbers are under reported
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Document ID: FC471440

Creating Realistic Cybersecurity Policies For Industrial Control Systems
Author(s): David Blanco
Abstract/Introduction:
As the airplane added the skies to the battlefields of WW1 and the Cold War launched confrontations into space, Stuxnet has pushed the boundaries of war and politics into cyberspace. Now anything with an internet connection can be the target of an attack. While this might be ignored as something primarily affecting the Internet of Things (IoT), its prudent to point out those industrial control systems (ICS) and their supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) networks have been functioning as an industrial IoT before there was an Internet . Todays SCADA networks have adopted new technologies that allow data and commands to pass quickly between the most remote field site and the control room. Its true that this enhances the safety and profitability of a system, but its also true that the cutting edge is often double-edged.
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Document ID: 25FF7C89

The Role Of Measurement In Reducing Methane Emissions And Carbon Tax For Your Company
Author(s): Ted Hart
Abstract/Introduction:
The changing regulatory landscape: then and now Estimation of unmetered fuel sources for carbon tax Unreported Vent sources: how to measure/estimate Pneumatic devices and chemical injection pumps Glycol dehydrators Rod packing vents Storage Tank Flashing Losses Fugitive equipment leak surveys: new requirements coming Things to work on now in preparation of new regulations
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Document ID: FA477914

Effective Means To Find Busts In Gas Allocations
Author(s): Mark Flynn
Abstract/Introduction:
The allocation is made up individual processes, to improve any process the process has to be measurable. To proactively prevent busts in the allocation process controls and control limits have to be placed around each of these processes. Once a continuous improvement is implemented to any process, the process will eventual achieve a control state.
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Document ID: 57691E07

Effectively Finding The Bust In Gas Allocations
Author(s): Mark Flynn
Abstract/Introduction:
The allocation is made up individual processes, to improve any process the process has to be measurable. To proactively prevent busts in the allocation process controls and control limits have to be placed around each of these processes. The continuous process improvement process of a quality process either Lean or ISO program can effectively prevent allocation busts.
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Document ID: 92009251

Effluent Well Testing And Proration Factors
Author(s): Wayne Dunnington
Abstract/Introduction:
Testing Configuration Factors Involved Calculations (Recombined vs. Tanked) Proration Trouble Shooting I am loosing condensate and my engineer wants to fire me - ahhhhh?! CAIs keep piling up We have tried everything and we cant get our prorations in line Summary Exemptions/Opportunities
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Document ID: 97EA364B

Gas Well Calculation Examples For A Battery Recombining The Condensate
Author(s): Na
Abstract/Introduction:
Determine Each Wells Factors and Determine Wells Theoretical Production Volumes Well A ECF(Test Gas+GEV of Condensate)/Wet Meter ECF18.00+(0.23*5.00)/20.00 ECF0.958 Well A CGRN/A because condensate recombined at battery Well A WGRTest Water/(Test Gas+GEV of Condensate) WGR10.00/18.00+(0.23*5.00) WGR0.522 Note: the GEF of 0.23 in the above calculation is made up Same process followed for Wells B & C. I have made these up Well B ECF0.948 Well B CGRN/A because condensate is reported with gas production Well B WGR0.624 Well C ECF0.976 Well C CGRN/A because condensate is reported with gas production Well C WGR0.425.
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Document ID: 65281581

Enhanced Production Audit Program Control Evaluation Investigation
Author(s): Wendy French
Abstract/Introduction:
To validate the operating effectiveness of Controls over volumetric measurement and reporting processes To determine if the Controls are operating as intended.
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Document ID: AAF021B4

Equity, Royalties And Reservoir A Risk Based Approach To Resolving Measurement Issues
Author(s): Howard Bergen
Abstract/Introduction:
1.Is this a regulatory violation? 2.What is the cost of fixing the issue? 3.What is the cost of not fixing the issue? (not all issues need to be fixed)
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Document ID: DABFF16E

Equity, Royalties And Reservoir A Risk Based Approach To Solving Measurement Issues
Author(s): Howard Bergen,
Abstract/Introduction:
This talk is not designed to provide any answers. It is designed to provide you with questions which need to asked and answered. First Steps When evaluating what action to take when a measurement issue is discovered, there are three basic questions that need to be answered: 1: Is this a regulatory violation? 2: What is the cost of fixing the issue? 3: What is the cost of not fixing the issue? The key point here is that not all issues need to be fixed. They may just be a result of normal and compliant operating procedures. An example of this might be a bad proration factor in a shallow gas field. Even with annual testing, a 20% decline rate would give you a theoretical proration factor of .8 at the end of the year. Although this is outside the Boards expectations and may trigger some alarms, it is normal, expected, explainable and doesnt require a fix.
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Document ID: 97FCD525

Factors Affecting Accuracy And Precision In H2S Measurements
Author(s): Tim Giesbrecht
Abstract/Introduction:
Factors Affecting H2S Measurements Impact on Natural Gas Composition Analytical Methods used for H2S Measurements Overview of terms Accuracy and Precision Random and Systematic Error Sources of Error in Each Method Preliminary Results from Experiments carried out on each of the methods Time Lapse Studies, Container effects, Presence of Water/Air/Nat Gas Matrix, Exposure to Light, ANOVA
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Document ID: 2E125089

Flow Meter Calculations
Author(s): Wei Sheng
Abstract/Introduction:
What are the important variables in Flow Calculation? 1. Fluid properties 1. Density 2. Viscosity 3. Isentropic Exponent 2. Flow equations 1. For DP - discharge coefficient 1. A function of device geometry and flow profile 2. Different version of standards provide slightly different answers
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Document ID: FD7BB17C

Reading & Interpreting Gas Analyses
Abstract/Introduction:
Why do people collect and use analyses? Why is it important to review? How are compositions determined? What is in the makeup of a gas analysis? Common sources of errors How to Validate a gas analysis Examples of poor analyses
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Document ID: 44EAD488

The Role Of Measurement In Reducing Methane Emissions And Carbon Tax For Your Company
Author(s): Ted Hart
Abstract/Introduction:
Both the Alberta and Federal Governments have announced their policy positions on implementing a carbon tax as part of their joint action on climate change. Additionally, both governments are targeting substantial reductions in methane emissions from the oil and gas industry. These methane reductions will be achieved through regulations that will target sources of both intentional venting and fugitive equipment leaks. Methane emitted by the oil and gas industry is largely from unmetered sources that, to date, have not been rigorously managed or inventoried. Historically, sources of unmetered fuel, flared and vented gas have not gained much attention since, individually, the volumes are deemed to be small and of not much concern. While this is true on an individual component or event basis, it takes on a different perspective when one considers the cumulative impact of literally hundreds of thousands of emission points within the oil and gas industry.
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Document ID: D50FCF0C

Measurement Schematics For Large Central Facilities
Author(s): Rhon Rose
Abstract/Introduction:
Major facility sites, including gas plants, vary widely in their complexity, variety of processing units, geographical spread, number of ownership units, etc. The measurement schematics drawn to represent them also vary widely, from simple black boxes to detailed engineering drawings that are half way to being full P&IDs, neither of which is optimal. This paper reviews some experience based guidelines on how t o prepare measurement schematics for facilities to meet the needs of their primary customers, the production accountants and the measurement team.
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Document ID: BC1472A4

Gas Facilities And Required Measurement Points
Author(s): Rhon Rose
Abstract/Introduction:
Basically the same in Alberta, B.C., and Saskatchewan Written to provide Production Accountants all the understanding they need to set up correct reporting into Petrinex About a 3 page list of detailed requirements we will not cover in detail today Remember is a MEASUREMENT schematic
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Document ID: 69B4BE44

Intelligent High - Level Shutdown Systems - Reducing Failures, Without Sacrificing Availability Or Safety!
Author(s): Jason Riegert
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: 451B4CDA

Improved Pipeline Leak Detection Performance And Prevention Of False Alarms
Author(s): Jonathan Fiedler
Abstract/Introduction:
The major industrial sites such as gathering sites, refineries, chemical plants or production sites are connected by pipelines The transported materials such as crude oil, refined products, natural gas, ethylene, hydrogen, carbon monoxide or oxygen are potentially hazardous to humans and the environment Pipelines also run through urban centres including major cities like...
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Document ID: F76F8B1A

Improving Pipeline Performance Using Inferred Signals
Author(s): Noman Rasool Bobbie Griffith
Abstract/Introduction:
Velocity of Sound is measured as part of the velocity measurement Fluid Type, Temperature and Pressure affect the sound velocity VOS can be used for Product Identification
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Document ID: C976153C

Liquid Level Interface Measurement And The Challenges Presented By Emulsions
Author(s): Mike Okeeffe
Abstract/Introduction:
Installation Considerations Go Beyond the Connection Outside the tank Location, diameter and length of nozzles Bypass connection Valve Inside the tank Fluid flow Obstructions, agitators, coils Overall dimensions Bottom type
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Document ID: 7F6D63EA

Liquid Measurement Station Design
Author(s): Michael Frey
Abstract/Introduction:
Metering - Product Quantity/Volume/Mass The ability to measure and report Volumetric or Mass Flow Rate Typical System uncertainty +/ - 0.25% ? Proving - Meter verification/calibration The ability to verify and calibrate the meter to ensure meter accuracy Meter repeatability requirement is +/ - 0.05% while proving ? Sampling - Product Quality, Energy/BTU content The ability to retrieve a representative sample from the flowing media based on volume or time. ? Control Panel - Flow Computers, HMI, Supervisory System Graphic interface, proving valve sequencing, automated operation, reports,...
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Document ID: 4630897B

Liquid Measurement Station Design
Author(s): Michael P. Frey
Abstract/Introduction:
There are many factors that must be considered in order to properly design a liquid measurement station. While many of the components of measurement stations are similar, the criterion that determines the equipment to utilize for a given application can vary significantly from project to project. This paper will address the most common applications in the liquid hydrocarbon industry for large volume product measurement as it pertains to custody transfer applications. Custody transfer measurement includes accurate quantity measurement through the use of metering, though equally important is accurate quality measurement through the use of sampling equipment. These custody transfer and/or fiscal metering stations consist of mechanical components and instrumentation on a skidded system along with flow computers, programmable logic controllers (PLCs) and a human machine interface (HMI) with customized programming to achieve the required measurement goal.
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Document ID: D59DD5F7

Managing The Daily Gas And Liquids Delivery Business In A Constrained Pipeline Environment
Author(s): Andy Papadopoulos Wayne Olson
Abstract/Introduction:
Production Management as a Supply Chain Process What is a Supply Chain? Why the Supply Chain Approach? What does it entail? The Supply Chain Approach Data Capture Processes Key Measurement Points and Data Control Processes Overview of the Data & Information Measurement Points & Control Processes
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Document ID: 5E5C25EF

Master Meter Proving Using Helical Turbine Meters
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: 4B48D80A

Intelligent High - Level Shutdown Systems - Reduce The Risk Of Failures!
Author(s): Jason Riegert
Abstract/Introduction:
At the heart of all high-level shutdown systems (HLSSs) in oil and gas production facilities are what most people look at as a simple level switch. Are we underestimating the available technologies? In this paper our Instructor will demonstrate what the current possibilities are for insitu verification of Intelligent HLSSs with real world examples of what can go wrong. Our Instructor lead demonstration will show successful testing in the presence of: ? Buildup of product (e.g., wax) on the switch itself? Freezing (where wet gas is susceptible to freezing) on the switch itself? Particulates (susceptible to plugging) on the switch itself? Fluids that have changed or become incompatible with the switch itself. Of course testing the switch itself is just the beginning. A complete self-documenting Intelligent (HLSSs) that tests the HLSS from end to end is simpler, safer, more efficient and conclusive. Shouldnt this be your goal?
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Document ID: 7B6C1A6B

Measurement Canada Regulations And Implications For The Hydrocarbon Measurement Industry
Author(s): Dave Coone
Abstract/Introduction:
Liquid Loading and Unloading Applications Focus on Bulk Racks and Truck & Railcar Loading Measurement Canada also covers: Natural Gas Measurement Weigh Scales Electricity Scales (Grocery Stores, Airports, etc.)
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Document ID: D2962550

Measurement Canada Regulations And The Implications For The Hydrocarbon Measurement Industry
Author(s): Dave Coone
Abstract/Introduction:
This white paper will address many of the common questions and pitfalls associated with engineering, installing, and testing a measurement Canada Approved Custody Transfer loading system. It will also address where and why Measurement Canada regulations should be applied and followed by the industry. Measurement Canada covers a variety of industries and trade sectors, all with their own unique requirements. These trade sectors range from electricity measurement to weigh scales at grocery store check-out counters. Due to the nature of this school and paper, only the Petroleum Liquid Bulk Sector will be covered.
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Document ID: 035D4A32

Multiphase Measurement With Coriolis
Author(s): Justin Hollingsworth Jason Chase
Abstract/Introduction:
What do we mean by multi - phase? How Multiple Phases Affect the Coriolis Measurements Advanced Phase Measurement Algorithm Entrained Gas in Liquid Entrained Mist in Gas Application Examples Summary
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Document ID: 66C02B0D

Measurement Exemption Applications & How To Make Them
Author(s): Lisa Clark
Abstract/Introduction:
What do I do at the AER? Is An Application Really Necessary? Application Evaluation Criteria Section 5 Applications Other Measurement Applications Application Requirements Recommended Approach
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Document ID: A80E88E5

Measurement Of NGL With Coriolis Meters
Author(s): Dean Minehart Marc Buttler
Abstract/Introduction:
Natural Gas Liquid (NGL) stream s consist of mixtures of hydrocarbons including ethane, propane, butane, pentane and natural gasoline. NGL is sometimes referred to as y - grade. The American Petroleum Institute (API) Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards (MPMS) Chapter 14 Section 7 provides guidance on the mass measurement of NGL. Mass measurement techniques are applied to NGL measurements to avoid measurement errors that are caused by the solution mixing within the NGL stream. Mass measurement can be achieved by direct measurement with a Coriolis flow meter or inferred by multiplying a volumetric flow rate times flowing density. There are important advantages to be aware of with direct mass measurement for NGL streams.
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Document ID: 14F7986E

Measurement Of NGL With Coriolis Meters
Author(s): Marc Buttler
Abstract/Introduction:
Agenda Natural Gas Liquid (NGL) Volume of Component Mixtures Mass Measurement of NGL Mass/Volume/Density Relationships Coriolis meter Principle of Operation & Installation Best Practices Mass Measurement Direct Mass Measurement Inferred Mass Measurement Density Measurement and Product Sampling Conversion of Total Measured Mass to Component Standard Volumes
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Document ID: A8106070

Methane Emission Reduction Opportunities And Incentives In Upstream Oil And Gas
Author(s): Brian Sloof
Abstract/Introduction:
Canada, the U.S. and Mexico have committed to reducing methane emissions from the oil and gas sector by 40-45 percent below 2012 levels by 2025 Alberta and Federal currently developing regulations Monitoring, measurement and reporting Emission reductions from previously unregulated sources Incentives for early action on methane reductions BC: Clean Infrastructure Royalty Credit Program AB: Offset Credit Opportunities Specified Gas Emitters Regulation (SGER) enables emissions trading Carbon offsets enabled via Quantification Protocols Currently three protocols support methane reductions in the oil and gas sector: Solution Gas Conservation Engine Fuel Management and Vent Gas Capture Projects 1 Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions from Pneumatic Devices
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Document ID: AFB773E8

Impacts Of Upcoming Aer Methane Reduction Regulations - An Industry Advanced Preparedness Session
Author(s): Jonathon Wasylik Pascal Bonnet
Abstract/Introduction:
Background / Scope Expected Regulatory Timelines New versus Existing Facilities Where are we Today New Fuel Flare and Vent definitions Annual Emissions Reporting What can we do today
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Document ID: 6FA8E215

Omni 3000/6000 Flow Computer Hands - On Training
Author(s): Ricardo Lins De Oliveira
Abstract/Introduction:
An electronic computational device that implements algorithms to process raw data received from various flow and measurement devices into volumes at standard or base conditions.
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Document ID: 85534DEA

1 Optimizing Crude Oil Blending Systems To Maximize Yield And Return On Investment
Author(s): Duane Rowan
Abstract/Introduction:
Cost of mixing crude oil Crude oil tank mixers Typically eight to ten installed in a 70 - 100,000 m3 blending tank Approx consumption per mixer 50 Kw Total power consumption 500 Kw At an assumed 0.1 Kw/h and continuous operation Estimated annual operating cost 600K/Year CDN
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Document ID: 962052CA

Accurate Water Cut Measurement
Author(s): Matthew Pylychaty Tyson Bergheim
Abstract/Introduction:
This presentation is a continuation on basic practices found within the industry today. Those that attended the 14th Canadian School of Hydrocarbon Measurement (2016), we also presented on the basics around water cut measurement. This presentation is based off of proven and tested practices used on site by technicians and samplers that will aid those in the industry to improve current water cut measurement.
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Document ID: FD11C364

Fundamentals Of Gas Measurement Primary Elements
Author(s): Darren Pineau
Abstract/Introduction:
Primary Element - flow meter Basic Metering System Meter Flow Computer Analyzer Differential Pressure Temperature Pressure Secondary Element - dp & static pressure transmitter, temperature transmitter Tertiary Devices - flow computers, analyzers
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Document ID: 84D43DF3

Advances In Process Analysis: Quantum Cascade Laser Spectroscopy And Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometers
Author(s): Dave Mcmillen
Abstract/Introduction:
Quantum Cascade Lasers (QCL) and Tunable Diode Laser (TDL) Spectroscopy have gained acceptance for use in process analyzers over the last 10 years. The newest analyzers are able to combine both QCL and TDL, allowing exploitation of Near Infrared and Mid Infrared wavelengths in one analyzer. Using both types of lasers, many analytes can be measured providing very dynamic analyzers that are well suited for emissions monitoring, gas purity and process control applications. This hands on demonstration will use a working analyzer to demonstrate to students how this combined technology has been deployed, and provide students a chance to peer into the workings of an online spectroscopy analyzer. The course will also cover the fundamentals of spectroscopy, and how QCL differs fundamentally from TDL and other broad band techniques such as NDIR and FTIR.
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Document ID: 56F16AE4

Radiometric Methods For Multi - Phase Interface And Density Profile Measurements
Author(s): Dirk Mrmann
Abstract/Introduction:
Separation process in Oil & Gas Radiometric & others methods Radiation safety Different measurement concepts Real products & real installations
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Document ID: F97319FC

Reliability - Centered Maintenance
Author(s): Mark Perrin Stephen Ursulescu
Abstract/Introduction:
Reliability and lifecycle techniques How these techniques work How to apply the techniques Implementation project risks Conclusions Recommendations
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Document ID: BA31D0E8

Sagd Measurement And Process Overview
Author(s): Jayanto Ghoshal Mike Robley
Abstract/Introduction:
Purpose Introduction to SAGD Applicable Requirements Process Description Pads/Inlet Separation/ Deoiling /Water Treatment/Steam Generation Volumetric Reporting Methodology Reporting to AER via PETRINEX Summary
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Document ID: DA6077B5

Tank Gauging Basics And An Overview Of API 2350
Author(s): Magnus Johansson
Abstract/Introduction:
Why bother with overfill prevention? What is Automated Tank Gauging and why is it important? Automated Tank Gauging (ATG) technologies Best practices for installing an ATG radar system How to achieve better overfill prevention using API 2350 Example of equipment solutions Summary and Questions
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Document ID: 15FF89D3

The Volatility Of Vapor Pressure
Author(s): Christopher Ryan
Abstract/Introduction:
What are we talking about? Vapor Pressure Pressure exerted by a vapor in equilibrium with its solid or liquid phase Reid Vapor Pressure Is the measure of the absolute VP exerted by a liquid at 100 F (37.8C) at a vapor to liquid ratio of 4:1 True Vapor Pressure Is vapor pressure of a mixture including dissolved gasses that may be present
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Document ID: 36F2E53F

The Two Faces Of Hydrocarbon CO2 Emissions - CO2 Produced By Hydrocarbon Combustion And Equivalent CO2 Produced By Vented Methane
Author(s): Rick Rans
Abstract/Introduction:
Source Of This Presentation In An Attempt To Summarize This Complex Issue, Much Of The Information Is Obviously Copied And From: API Compendium Of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Methodologies For The Oil And Natural Gas Industry Climate Policy Implementation Presentation By The Alberta Energy Regulator To The IMG September 13, 2016
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Document ID: 819CB9B6

Ultrasonic Flare Meter Demo
Author(s): Ryan Kurek
Abstract/Introduction:
Things you will learn today The use and capabilities of ultrasonic flare meter (USFM) software The use of this software to... Capture acoustic signals Capture flow meter diagnostics Understand the differences between non-flowing and flowing signals and diagnostics Gain an understanding of some of the diagnostic parameters
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Document ID: 8614FA19

Cost Savings Using Multipath Ultrasonic Measurement in Upstream Gas Applications
Author(s): Peter Harris Wade Stinson
Abstract/Introduction:
Traditionally, orifice measurement has been used for gas measurement in upstream gas applications. While this technology has many benefits when applied correctly, the intent of this paper is to show how a newer technology, ultrasonic gas meters (USM), can improve volumes and decrease the risk of errors in gas measurement when used in some applications. The benefits of using ultrasonic measurement for upstream gas applications are many.
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Document ID: A781DD2C

Accurate Frequency Water Cut Measurement Best Practices For Emulsions During Facility Start Up- To Well Maturity, In Steam Assisted Gravity Drained Operations Sagd().
Author(s): Matthew P. Pylychaty Tyson L. Bergheim
Abstract/Introduction:
The complexity of water cut measurement around emulsions in Steam Assisted Gravity Drained (SAGD) operations and the associated operational costs has led to the industry providing multiple device solutions for real time measurement. At the time of facility design, determining the correct technology type for accurate measurement involves more than just determining a technology type and implementing it. With process sampling costs normally out weighing the cost of the analyzer, the focus must be on the entire measurement operation, including sampling practices, procedures, and maintenance to ensure accurate measurement of an analyzer. With the costs associated for everything from extraction and treating to trim and blending the importance of accurately knowing your water cut is ever more paramount, as no one wants to over treat or over blend costing the company more than required.
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Document ID: D46862E0

Uncertainty In Hydrocarbon Measurement
Author(s): Harry James
Abstract/Introduction:
Measurement uncertainty is a useful tool that can be used to define the most likely contributors to measurement errors. This brief discussion shows some of the contributors to uncertainty.
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Document ID: 4EE33683

Saskatchewan Ministry Of The Economy Measurement & Compliance Update
Author(s): Alison Dolter, Scott Lenz, Blake Linke
Abstract/Introduction:
Replace the words primary/secondary/tertiary measurement device with primary/secondary/tertiary metering element Replaced the words solution gas with gas in solution Replace the words wet gas with effluent gas Removed the word initial from initial qualifying criteria now the term is qualifying criteria Replace the words standard conditions with base conditions
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Document ID: A3F6F82F

Using The Right Meter For The Job
Author(s): Maureen Evers-Dakers
Abstract/Introduction:
Accepted Standards API - gas and liquid metering AGA - gas metering ASTM - sampling and analysis Standards set the rules for equipment, installations and procedures
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Document ID: ECF954ED

Utilizing Allocation At A Field Level
Author(s): Paul Turner Keith Scott
Abstract/Introduction:
Who needs to do this? Who does this affect? Why Daily Allocation? Doesnt Production Accounting already do this at the end of the month? Traditional Methods Why is Automatic Allocation important? What does an Automated solution look like? Benefits of Automated Real-Time Allocation
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Document ID: D78A99D0

Liquid Meter Prover Calibrations
Author(s): Robert Fallwell
Abstract/Introduction:
The prover is connected to the meter under test. During the prove all liquid flow through the meter is directed through the prover. A displacer (sphere) is pushed from one side of the prover to the other and then back again. A pulse counter (normally a flow computer) counts pulses from the meter while the sphere is in the provers calibrated section.
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Document ID: AFF240CC

Flow Meters With Heavy Oil Low Reynolds Number Flow
Author(s): Richard Steven
Abstract/Introduction:
Majority of oil reserves are classed as Heavy Oil . Highly viscous oil tends to flow at low Reynolds no. ranges straddling laminar/turbulent flow profiles . Flow meter performance at low Re is difficult to predict without appropriate calibration ... - i.e. calibrating across the applications Reynolds number range , not the flow rate or velocity range
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Document ID: 6FCD83C5

GIS And GOR 101 Factors
Author(s): Pascal Bonnet
Abstract/Introduction:
What is GIS? Where is GIS applied? Methods to determine GIS GIS Factor vs GIS Rate GIS Frequency What is GOR? Where is it applied? Methods to determine GOR GOR Frequency
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Document ID: F4921310

Acid Gas And Sulphur Processing Overview
Author(s): Bill Cheung
Abstract/Introduction:
Acid Gas and Sulphur Processing AER Directive 017 Section 11 Describes ? what, where, and how acid gas and Sulphur processing volumes must be measured, calculated, or estimated ? the production accounting procedures that must be performed on the volumes ? the resultant volumes that must be reported using the S - 30 Report
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Document ID: D9CC60A8

Ag And Sulphur Processing Overview
Author(s): Bill Cheung
Abstract/Introduction:
Sour gas processing is a necessity in order to clean off - specification gas and often gas with H2S content before sending it into a transmission pipeline and then to the consumers. This paper gives an overview of how it can be achieved within the rules and regulations of the Regulatory body. The AER Directive 017 and ECON PNG-017 outline how to measure, calculate, and report Acid Gas (AG) and Sulphur volumes with both Section 11 having the same requirement. AG contains mainly H2S and CO2 with small amount of methane and other gases.
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Document ID: D175F521

AGA-3 Basics
Author(s): Phil Barg
Abstract/Introduction:
AGA - 3 is published by the American Gas Association (AGA) and the American Petroleum Institute (API) The AGA is the primary organization however, changes also go through the API standards process It is also published as API MPMS Chapter 14.3 MPMS is the Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards and as an American National Standard by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
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Document ID: B391C168


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