Measurement Library

2013 Ultrasonic Meter User's Workshop (Denver) Publications

CEESI

Installation Effects On An 8-path Ultrasonic Gas Meter
Author(s): Gregor Brown
Abstract/Introduction:
1975 - Nuclear Industry - Prairie Island unit 2 PWR - Primary reactor coolant loop, 30-inch 4-path meter
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Document ID: C137A408

CEESI Water In Oil Rig For Testing Custody Transfer Lusms And Other Meters
Abstract/Introduction:
How do we define high water cut? Under perfect circumstances oil should contain no water, particularly when it has been refined. However, all oil from production wells contains some water content (as well as sediment), even after separation. A general definition of high water cut might be a level at which the content will effect the measurement of the fluid, in particular the oil. (Taking it outside of an acceptable uncertainty, in the US often taken as above 0.5%) In sampling it would perhaps be above 5% by volume of water in oil, this is the generally accepted limit in API 8.2, for acceptable sampling, mixing, operation
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Document ID: 10E3C8BA

Uncertainty Of Lusms With And Without Provers
Author(s): Terry Cousins
Abstract/Introduction:
To review the fundamental components that make up the uncertainty of an Installed USM without a prover To review the fundamental components that make up the uncertainty of an installed USM with onsite proving. Why not always Prove
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Document ID: B70B9959

Ultrasonic Meter Recalibration Intervals
Author(s): Thomas Kegel
Abstract/Introduction:
This paper describes data, discusses analytical results and presents a mathematical model that relates recalibration shift, meter size, velocity, and recalibration time interval. The results can be applied as a tool to assist in determining an appropriate recalibration interval for an ultrasonic meter. The database supporting this project is a result of twelve years of history in the operation of an ultrasonic gas flow calibration facility. The database includes 95 recalibration events, recalibration time intervals from less than one year to nine years, meter sizes from DN100 to DN500, and gas velocities between 3 and 30 m/s.
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Document ID: 86941BC3

Ultrasonic Meter Repeatability And Reproducibilty
Author(s): T.M. Kegel
Abstract/Introduction:
This paper describes data, discusses analytical results and presents a mathematical model that relates recalibration shift, meter size, velocity, and recalibration time interval. The results can be applied as a tool to assist in determining an appropriate recalibration interval for an ultrasonic meter. The database supporting this project is a result of twelve years of history in the operation of an ultrasonic gas flow calibration facility. The database includes 95 recalibration events, recalibration time intervals from less than one year to nine years, meter sizes from DN100 to DN500, and gas velocities between 3 and 30 m/s.
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Document ID: 88D51EE7

Ultrasonic Meter & Orifice Meter Response To Wet Gas Flow
Author(s): Richard Steven Josh Kinney Charlie Britton
Abstract/Introduction:
Wet natural gas metering has become essential to the hydrocarbon production industry. Wet gas meter discussions at major flow meter conferences has tended to concentrate on high end multiphase / wet gas meters. Discussion on single phase gas meter response to wet gas has been somewhat neglected, even though the gas meter technology is widely used for wet gas metering. Single phase gas meter wet gas performance is important!
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Document ID: D16B834F

A Complete Meter Station Monitoring System
Author(s): John Lansing
Abstract/Introduction:
CEESmaRT is a monitoring system comprised of CEESiGuard (hardware) and CEESiNet (software) working together to remotely verify the performance of all measurement equipment CEESiGuard hardware is installed at the measurement station to monitor all station equipment in real time It collects and transmits measurement data hourly to CEESiNet for further, more detailed analysis, trending, alarming and reporting Communication is independent of customers SCADA system (Cellular Modem) It monitors measurement devices such as ultrasonic meters, flow computers, pressure and temperature transmitters, and chromatographs via Modbus Currently supports Daniel, Instromet and SICK meters as well as Daniel and ABB gas chromatographs It incorporates its own MVT for each run to obtain independent P&T readings
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Document ID: 47074BC1

CEESI 2013 Ultrasonic Meter Users Workshop
Author(s): Eric Estrada Steve Baldwin Eric Harman
Abstract/Introduction:
Review flow calibration data for several different meter technologies obtained independently by Chevron and Targa Resources Partners LP -Ultrasonic Meters (Single Path Diametral, Partial Insertion) -Optical Scintillation -Tracer Technology -Ultrasonic Meters (Multi-Path Chordal) CFD showing piping effects -Straight Run -Elbows in Plane -Elbows out of Plane
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Document ID: EEC21E0D

Fluid Flow Conditioning
Author(s): Danny Sawchuk
Abstract/Introduction:
Why do we want to use flow conditioners then? Can eliminate up to 80 - 90% of pipeline swirl. Restore flow profile symmetry and eliminate distortions. Isolates the flow meter from upstream disturbances. Allows much shorter meter runs to be used with much higher repeatability. Improves the benefits of many USM diagnostics. Helps with noise or pulsation problems. Helps balance the pressure, velocity and flow rate of meter tubes running in parallel. They UNLOAD the flow meter, helping it become even more accurate
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Document ID: 9EBBC9A1

Three Case Studies On Ultrasonic Meter Energy
Author(s): Charles Derr
Abstract/Introduction:
Multiple Usm Input flow Computers organized as Primary meter FC interconnected to Proving FC with Master FC accumulating std. volume from the meter-under-test and the Master Meter and issuing a prove result/report and display. Custom Proving Module Master could be valved in series with M.U.T. Proving initiated a timed test accumulation of Mscf (from working meter and from master meter) during the prove-time cycle with auto compare/archive/test-reporting at the end of the proof run. Integrators design used a wait-time conditional start (10 minutes to equalize was programmed initially
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Document ID: F580E487

Oiml And ISO Perturbation Testing For Type Approval
Author(s): Martin Schlebach
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: 77DE8D84

Usm Product Portfolio
Author(s): Max Harwell
Abstract/Introduction:
Q.Sonicplus (NGQ, Series 6) Launched in April 2012 Series production started Q3-2012 Full production Q4-2012
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Document ID: F553EE98

Developing A Self Monitoring Measurement System
Author(s): Randy Miller
Abstract/Introduction:
Utilize the Modbus communications capabilities of the flow computer and meter to transfer data between the two devices.
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Document ID: D2E419C4

Developing A Self Monitoring Measurement System
Author(s): Randy Miller
Abstract/Introduction:
Bring in data ?2. Send out data ?3. Perform primary element diagnostics ?4. Perform secondary element diagnostics ?5. Setup alarm parameters ?6. Get the data into SCADA
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Document ID: 79A40971

The Ultrasonic Flowmeter Market: One Of Many Dichotomies
Author(s): Jesse Yoder
Abstract/Introduction:
The Carina Nebula lies 7,500 light years away in the constellation Carina the Keel The Carina Nebula contains at least a dozen stars that are 50 to 100 times the mass of our Sun This image shows both the birth and death of stars
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Document ID: BED58A06

Practical Benefits Of Usm Industrial Design
Author(s): Thomas Ballard
Abstract/Introduction:
Hey - it works! Introduction to Industrial Design Concept Application to Ultrasonic Flowmeter Design Practical Benefits of Final Design Takeaways and other applications
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Document ID: 4E4487D6

Midstream Revolution The Reconfiguring Of North Americas Midstream
Abstract/Introduction:
Developments of NA resource plays are revolutionizing global supply. Vast plays covering millions of acres are flooding the NA markets with new oil, natural gas, condensate and NGLs. This new resource base has flipped us from an environment of scarcity to one of abundance. Many resource plays are developing in the interior of the continent, necessitating a dramatic reworking of midstream infrastructure
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Document ID: 98CDDB9A

Flow Profile Analysis With 6-Six Path Ultrasonic Meter
Author(s): Achim Zajc
Abstract/Introduction:
Arrangement of paths and planes (6 paths / 3 planes) according Gau-Chebyshev with 2 crossed paths per plane Functional principle of the USZ 08 -6 paths -12 sensors -2 crossed paths per plane -3 planes - 1 central + 2 symmetrical
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Document ID: 855FFFC4

Creating A Quality Assurance Program For Ultrasonic Package Construction
Author(s): Stormy Phillips
Abstract/Introduction:
planned system of review procedures conducted by personnel not directly involved in the production process. It is a systematic measurement, comparison with standards, monitoring of processes, and associated feedback loops that confers error prevention This is in opposition to a quality control process, which is a system of routine technical activities, to measure and control the quality of inventory as it is being developed. It is focused on process outputs. Quality assurance is about effective communication with production, with the goal of all product requirements being fulfilled. This is done by defining our expectations. As our industry modernizes the role of these types of programs becomes of vital importance. Think of the new and deeper role that end users and the public play in our business, then the benefits of an effective QA program become clear.
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Document ID: 839FACC7

Ultrasonic Process Flowmeter
Author(s): Dick Laan
Abstract/Introduction:
Diagnostics to validate flowmeter and process ?Detection of operational conditions going out of specification: density, damping, flowspeed, liquids. ?Detection of external disturbances ?Maintenance free full bore flowsensor ?Solid state: no wear ?No moving parts ?Economic alternative for mechanical flow meters ?Low investment (capex) ?Low operational cost (opex
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Document ID: B3F3782A

Installation Testing Naffmc Research
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: 3B8380D0

North American Fluid Flow Measurement Council Testing
Abstract/Introduction:
Straight Pipe (Baseline Test) ?Elbow and Blinded Tee - Elbow and Flat Closure ?Elbow and Blinded Tee - Elbow and Yale Closure ?Tee and Blinded Tee - Tee and Yale Closure ?Tee and Blinded Tee - Tee and Flat Closure ?Tee and Blinded Tee - Extended Tee and Flat Closure
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Document ID: B1B835F2

Establishing NIST Traceability For Smokestack Flows Blow-Down( Calibration Of A Large 8 Path Ultrasonic Flow Meter
Author(s): Aaron Johnson
Abstract/Introduction:
Determine the in-situ performance and uncertainty of smokestack flow measurement technologies in swirling flows with skewed velocities - EPA Pitot traverse Method - CEMS flow meters Research and develop alternative approaches for smokestack flow measurements - Multi chord pitot traverse methods - Multi path ultrasonic flow meters - Long Wavelength Acoustics - Tracer Dilution Methods Develop benchmark data to validate CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamic) models used for scale-up to full sized smokestacks
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Document ID: ADB8E7A0

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Evaluation Of The NIST Smokestack Simulator
Author(s): Jacob Ricker Aaron Johnson
Abstract/Introduction:
Good to estimate pressure drop, flow rates, swirl level Verification Case Quantitative Accuracy: 5 - 10 % error How do you ensure you are getting best possible accuracy? - Limit model to smallest acceptable geometry - Evaluate all components that could effect results - Set limits of acceptable answers
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Document ID: D53B8959

Update On AGA Report No. 9
Author(s): Gary Mccargar
Abstract/Introduction:
AGA TMC started an Ultrasonic Technical Note in 1994 Chaired by Gene Tiemstra, Bob Pogue & Phil Barg all of Nova Pipeline (Calgary) Took approx. 2 years to complete Published March 1996 - ????? 1996 AGA TMC then began work on 1st Edition of AGA 9 Chaired by John Stuart of PG&E Three manufacturers: Daniel, Instromet & Panametrics 8 Draft revisions and 2 years later the 1st Edition was released Published in June 1998
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Document ID: 6F615F2A

Pipeline Research Council International Efforts In Hydrocarbon Measurement Technology Research
Author(s): Angela Floyd
Abstract/Introduction:
PRCI is a non-profit collaborative research organization ?Membership includes over 60 organizations and operating companies spanning six continents ?Its Measurement Technical Committee is focused exclusively on gas and liquids measurement research and includes 35 pipeline operating companies and five manufacturer associate members ?PRCI members have allocated over 5.6 million since 2006 to conduct 52 projects related to gas and liquid hydrocarbon measurement
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Document ID: 8E685E37

Ultrasonic Clamp-On Flow Measurement Applications For Clamp-On Meters
Author(s): Izzy Rivera
Abstract/Introduction:
Sand/Clean Pipe and install dampening material 2. Program Pipe OD - Measure Circumference with tape 3. Program Wall thickness - Measure with UT probe 4. Select Medium (Nat Gas) 5. Space transducers 6. Verify good signal and sound speed For Standard Volume 1. Program or install Temp 2. Program or install Pressure
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Document ID: 4F0A5097

High CO2 Challenges In Gas Ultrasonic Measurement
Author(s): Jim B Owen
Abstract/Introduction:
Discuss the industry need for monitoring CO2 emissions Review why CO2 is a difficult gas for USMs Summarize attenuation characteristics Prediction of transducer performance prior to field testing Field installation testing summary Conclusions
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Document ID: B094B545

Ultrasonic Meters For Small Bore Orifice Replacement
Author(s): Jim Bowen
Abstract/Introduction:
Product overview ?Transducer characteristics ?Specialized applications ?Rangeability Testing ?Value Proposition Development ?Software discussion ?Summary
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Document ID: 6A440FBD

Improvements In Technology And Installation
Abstract/Introduction:
The SITRANS CONNECTION application provides greater mobility making connectivity possible without the need for a laptop computer
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Document ID: 5D52331E

Siemens Clampon Installations
Abstract/Introduction:
Permanent or Temporary Existing pipe/location or new Gas Composition Liquids Gas condensate Results from Pigging Meter will tolerate a lot of liquid Possible to rotate the transducers 90 deg Where possible always install Transportable first
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Document ID: 0ABE8557

Effects Of Downstream Clean-Out Tees On Ultrasonic Meters
Author(s): Jeffry S. Snyder Frank Brown John R. Hand
Abstract/Introduction:
The pressure measured at the meter under test (MUT) was fluctuating by approximately 2 psi, very sporadically and the flow rate was fluctuating at approximately the same frequency. The indicated flow was too unstable to confidently calculate a reliable MUT deviation
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Document ID: 70910F81

Calibration Of Liquid Flow Meters
Author(s): Erik Smits
Abstract/Introduction:
Who is VSL and Erik Smits? -Why do we calibrate? -Comparable and Reliable measurements! -At what moment do we calibrate instruments in liquid flow measurement systems? -Different methods of measuring liquids -Calibration methods - pipe provers and master meters -Ultrasonic flow meter calibration is different from turbine meter just like Coriolis meter
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Document ID: 9F0635DB


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