Measurement Library

Canadian School of Hydrocarbon Measurement Publications (2019)

Canadian School of Hydrocarbon Measurement

Coriolis Flow Meters: What makes it Tick, What makes it Sick.
Author(s): Michael Keilty
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: D0402C83

Realtime Water Cut Measurement Best Practices Application Accuracy & Maximized Facility Performance
Author(s): Matthew P. Pylychaty, Tyson L. Bergheim
Abstract/Introduction:
Overview Facility Feasibility Assessment-Definition of Good Enough? Device Vs. Process Application Sampling Best Practices Device Validation Procedures Data Management Systems Total Measurement via Control Algorithms -Bring It All Together! Summary
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Document ID: AF99DE55

Using Advances Diagnostics to Identify Measurement Uncertainties
Author(s): Thomas Hart, Martin Schlebach
Abstract/Introduction:
Columbia Gulf is a subsidiary of TransCanada, one of the largest underground natural gas pipeline systems in North America * Columbia Gulf delivers natural gas at a pipeline interconnect in Louisiana * Single run ultrasonic meter with flow conditioner plate * Installed in 2008 - flow calibrated prior to installation Customer observed instability in USM diagnostics
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Document ID: 6F9909A0

Measurement Canada Regulations and Implications for the Hydrocarbon Measurement Industry
Abstract/Introduction:
Measurement Canada Authorized Service Provider Canada Wide Small Volume Proving Inspections Consulting Approval Management Site Compliance Management
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Document ID: BF4D35EF

Reliable interface and overall level measurements when all else fails
Author(s): Dirk Steyn
Abstract/Introduction:
Interface Measurement - What Technology is the right fit for my application Capacitance Guided Wave Radar Density Profiling System Explanation as to why radar and capacitance measurements fail in certain applications Radiation Safety Gamma Measuring Principle Density Profiling System (DPS) Measuring Principle DPS Applications DPS Overview
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Document ID: 92E1D2BB

Measurement Errors-Found and Fixed
Author(s): Jerry Greiner
Abstract/Introduction:
-Water cut Analyzer that was accurate at 12C, but way out at 11C or below. -Coriolis Meter that passed verification but was incorrect. Density, and volume. -Fresh water in emulsion. Incorrect H2O cut-Ultrasonic Meter- Errors after Turnaround. -Two Identical Meters opposite ends of water Line, 7% different -Coriolis Line Balance Meter Prove 6% Change.
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Document ID: 227C58B8

Custody Transfer Measurement and Calibration Options for Natural Gas with Coriolis Meters
Abstract/Introduction:
* Coriolis Meter Principle of Operation Review * AGA Report No. 11 * Conversion of Mass to Gas Standard Volume and Energy * Calibration * Field Verification * Best Practices
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Document ID: 0CF30EB5

Electronic Flow Measurementfor Natural Gas Metering
Author(s): Ravi Rao
Abstract/Introduction:
Flow computers are an essential component in the Oil & Gas Industry. Operations are only as good as what they can measure. Accurate measurement is paramount, as errors and mismeasurement can lead to financial loss. This Introductory session provides an overview of Flow Computers, standards, flow of measurement data and the innovative technologies available to increase efficiencies and functionality leading to increased revenue.
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Document ID: 29FA28D3

When is Regulatory or Industry Accepted Practices not good enough for Measurement points?
Abstract/Introduction:
When Risk increases so does the need for greater measurement accuracy and controls. To answer the question. When is compliance to AER Directives or API Standards not good enough?
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Document ID: 95B83980

2019 - Determining Lost and Unaccounted For Gas Loss
Author(s): Duane Harris
Abstract/Introduction:
* Overview of the Measurement Process * DOLLAR IMPACT * Definition of Unaccounted For Gas Loss * Causes of UAF * UAF Reduction Process * Resolving System Balancing Issues * Improving Measurement Integrity * Conclusion
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Document ID: 671EED66

Gas Analysis 101: Reading & Interpreting Gas Analysis
Abstract/Introduction:
Why do people collect and use analyses? * Why is it important to review? * How are compositions determined? * What is in the makeup of a gas analysis? * Common sources of errors * How to Validate a gas analysis * Examples of poor analyses.
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Document ID: 6A118E06

Should, Shall or Oughta? Understanding Compliance With Industry Standards
Abstract/Introduction:
What is a Standard (versus regulations, reports, specifications, SOPs, etc.)? * Who sets Standards and why do they change? * Does the Standard or the changes apply to my stuff? * What is the impact of the change? * How can my organization manage the change? * How do I stay on top of future changes?
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Document ID: 227AD613

The Measurement and Control of Diluted Bitumen Viscosity:Current Technology & Best Practices
Author(s): Larry Neumeister
Abstract/Introduction:
* Viscosity * Value of Controlling Viscosity * Viscosity Measurement Technology * Challenges in Controlling Viscosity * Best Practices
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Document ID: 2B500433

GERG-2008 Equation of State Compressibility Uncertainty Algorithm - White Paper
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: D30C128A

HVP Density Calibration using the Pycnometer Method
Abstract/Introduction:
A Pycnometer (PYC) is a device the has a known evacuated volume and weight so when fully filled with product, the device can be weighed to find density Temperature and pressure are also taken to add correction factors to the product and to the PYC. Density determined from the PYC is then compared to density reading from densitometer to create a density correction factor or density meter factor (known as a DCF or DMF) PYC calibrations are typically done on product with a vapor pressure 1400Kpa or higher
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Document ID: 693BB812

How One Calibration Laboratory Significantly Reduced Its Uncertainty
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: 5F2366CB

Gas Quality - Tariff Management
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: C72368D2

Sampling Challenges Associated With Unconventional Gas Sources
Author(s): Mark Firmin
Abstract/Introduction:
Unconventional Gas Sources - More difficult or less economical to extract than conventional gas sources: Usually because the technology to reach it has not been fully developed or is too expensive. Becoming the new normal and may be considered conventional in the future: * Deep natural gas (15,000 feet below) * Tight gas * Shale Gas * Coalbed methane
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Document ID: 3FC5914B

Improved Leak Detection on Gathering Lines for the Upstream Oil & Gas Industry
Author(s): Jonathan Fiedler
Abstract/Introduction:
Due to the complexity and continuously evolving nature of gathering and feeder pipelines in the upstream oil and gas industry, reliable and timely leak detection can be difficult to achieve
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Document ID: 75D25EE2

Radiometric Density Profiling Measurement in Separation Processes
Abstract/Introduction:
There currently exists several strategies to utilize radiometric measurement principle in separation vessels * Each have benefits and draw backs which we will explore in the following * Proper specification and discussion with vendor will allow for the best choice to suit your process control needs
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Document ID: 370B8394

Western Canadian Truck Terminal Design Considerations
Author(s): Gord Bill, Joanne Moore, Mike Rogi
Abstract/Introduction:
* Regulatory Compliance * Truck Loading / Unloading Metering Systems * Logistical Data and PA Ticketing * Operations and Sources of Errors
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Document ID: CB7D1FB8

ORIFICE METER MULTIPHASE WET GAS FLOW PERFORMANCE
Author(s): Richard Steven
Abstract/Introduction:
Wet gas flow is an extremely adverse flow condition to meter, yet metering it is essential to industry. * Wet gas meter discussions have tended to concentrate on high end multiphase / wet gas meters. * Discussion on orifice meter wet gas response was for a long time largely neglected, even though the orifice meter was & is the most popular wet gas meter. * Recently however, industry has taken a close look at the orifice meter with wet gas flow...
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Document ID: 026191B7

Schematics:From Regulatory Requirement to Resource
Abstract/Introduction:
* What is a Schematic? * Who can Benefit? * The Evolution of Schematics * Case Study * Helpful ways to use your schematics * Summary
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Document ID: 1FC08630

Predictive Meter Factors on Coriolis Meters
Abstract/Introduction:
Background * Case Study * Issue * Analysis * Findings * Summary
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Document ID: 6988133D

Sampling Challenges Associated With Unconventional Gas Sources
Author(s): Mark Firmin
Abstract/Introduction:
More difficult or less economical to extract than conventional gas sources: * Usually because the technology to reach it has not been fully developed or is too expensive. Becoming the new normal and may be considered conventional in the future: * Deep natural gas (15,000 feet below) * Tight gasShale Gas * Coalbed methane
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Document ID: 8C160902

Production Measurement Data Flow
Abstract/Introduction:
Why does it take so long for the numbers? And how good is the number? (AKA how confident are you?)
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Document ID: 28B5ED87

Wellhead Volumetric Measurement Using a Multiphase Measurement System - Test Results
Abstract/Introduction:
Modern Resources * M-Flow * Test location and set up * Results * Next steps
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Document ID: 37A4BBD2

The Impact of the Updated FFV Definitions and New Methane Reporting Requirements Under AER D017 and D060
Author(s): Ted Hart
Abstract/Introduction:
* Revised Fuel, Flare, Vent definitions starting in 2020 * Impacts to production accounting reporting. * Examples of using ABCS codes for Petrinex reporting. * New methane reporting requirements under Directive 060. * The inter-relationship of D017 and D060 reporting. * A review of new fugitive equipment leak survey requirements. New testing requirements for compressor rod packing/seal venting. * New AER One Stop reporting starting in June 2020.
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Document ID: E1C52E18

Measurement of Water in Heavy Oil Emulsions
Author(s): Bentley Scott
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: D4FF6409

Improving Measurement Integrity with Reliable Off-Grid Power
Abstract/Introduction:
* Measurement & The Need For Reliable Power * Defining Load Requirements * Off-Grid Power Solutions * Standalone Solar * Fuel Cells (SOFC & DMFC Hybrid) * Gas Fired Generators * Overall Technology Comparison * Conclusion
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Document ID: C3F5B2E4

A Practical Approach to EPAP
Abstract/Introduction:
* Background * Risks * Themes * Controls * Effective Audit Program
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Document ID: 44676FEF

The terminator explains measurement from the future.
Author(s): Yogi Schulz
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: 87B022B1

AER Methane Reduction Regulations
Abstract/Introduction:
* FFV Definitions * FFV Sources * Regulatory Timelines * Industry Readiness: * What should be happening today * Unmetered and Metered Sites * Challenges and Solutions * Economic Drivers
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Document ID: 171837E4

How to Provide Effective Pipeline Leak Detection Solutions While Mitigating False Alarms
Author(s): Adrian Kane & Ryan Sperling
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: 3E482963

Production Allocation Deployment - from Concept to Operation
Author(s): Martin Basil, Fiona Tinnion, Blair Fyffe
Abstract/Introduction:
Production Allocation Deployment * Allocation system for 200 kbpd oil development balancing to 0.5% of throughput (recently verified with client) * Equitable mass allocation of Crude Oil, Condensate, and LPG export products to fields and field owners * Basis of Design states: The facility design will fundamentally accommodate the metering systems required to transfer fiscal custody, and to allocate volumes (mass), and operating costs associated with the products streams. The metering system will provide the required level of accuracy, reliability, and operability that is commensurate with the principle requirement for the meter.
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Document ID: 26975669

Natural Gas Chromatography
Author(s): Blaine Barnes
Abstract/Introduction:
Gas Chromatography is a technique that relies on differences in partitioning behavior between a flowing mobile phase and a stationary phase to separate the components in a gas mixture
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Document ID: 7893DA02

Measurement of gas contaminants and composition using optical technologies
Author(s): Sam Miller, Greg Lankford
Abstract/Introduction:
* For natural Gas and LNG: yes * For oil / Liquids no * Analytical: yes * Instrumentation: no * Proven products available on the market: yes * Spectroscopy methods: yes * GCs with optical detectors: no
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Document ID: 344DAE28

Fundamentals of Liquid Measurement
Author(s): Steve Moores
Abstract/Introduction:
Ultrasonic, Radar, GWR, & Capacitance for Level and Interface Measurement * Understand the basic theory of operation * Advantages & Disadvantages * Installation Dos and Donts
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Document ID: 634070FA

Small Volume Prover (SVP) Design and Operational Considerations for all Meter Technologies
Abstract/Introduction:
1. Overview of the SVP 2.History and Recent Technology Upgrades to SVP 3.Optical Switches / Pulse Interpolation 4. Meter Technology and Sizing Considerations for Custody Transfer Metering Technologies 5. Application / Metering Technology Compatibility
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Document ID: A3D098AF

Measurement Schematics 102:So Now What?
Abstract/Introduction:
* What is / is not a Measurement Schematic * Common Symbology * How to read schematics * Group Exercise - NEED PAPER AND PEN * Issues found on Schematics * Monthly Maintenance
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Document ID: C8F4B381

Using Common Ultrasonic Meter Diagnostics to Estimate Changes
Abstract/Introduction:
Background and Some Food For Thought * Life Cycle of an Ultrasonic Meter * Diagnostics and RSS Risk * Commissioning and Operating RSS Risk Example * Diagnostics Applied to Startup and Operation of a Single Run Ultrasonic Meter
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Document ID: 97343315

A Contribution to economic upstream gas metering(an ultrasonic meter design)
Author(s): Wade Stinson
Abstract/Introduction:
Motivation * Meter design and LP/HP test results * Wet gas: Test results and diagnostics * Field test findings * Summary and Conclusions
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Document ID: EC6418D3

Using Real Time Spectroscopy to Optimize Liquids Production and Blending
Abstract/Introduction:
Montney Shales * Natural gas Liquids and Optimization * Near Infrared Spectroscopy * Installed base * Advantages * Performance
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Document ID: CFD5C2B6

The Shrinkage of Gas & Oil is Real
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: 8441D1E4

Determination of H2S and Total Sulfur Content in Natural Gas
Author(s): Greg Lankford
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: 549432AC

Non-Intrusive OTSG Flow Measurement
Abstract/Introduction:
Importance of OTSG Condensate Flow measurement and common issues * Case study and process advantages for non-invasive metering * Review of non-intrusive technology * SIL 2 certification review * Pipe preparation * Troubleshooting without shutdown * Review compliance requirements
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Document ID: FD4B1E1F

New Level Technologies & Applications
Author(s): Mark Menezes
Abstract/Introduction:
DP-Level * Radar and Fork Switch Verification * Solids Level (Sonic)
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Document ID: 924018E3

Instrument Air Conversion for Separator Skids
Abstract/Introduction:
According to the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), Methane (CH4) has a Global Warming Potential (GWP) more than 25 times carbon dioxide (CO2).
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Document ID: 4AB10A8E

USM Header and Piping Design -Round table
Abstract/Introduction:
[Abstract Not Available]
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Document ID: B2A419B6

White Paper - GERG-2008 Equation of State Compressibility Uncertainty Algorithm
Author(s): Richard Rans
Abstract/Introduction:
Improvements in the accuracy of the equations of state have resulted in increased ranges of pressure, temperature and composition where accurate predictions of properties are possible. Unfortunately, the availability of the reference composition with measured properties which cover these expanded conditions continues to be limited. The development of an uncertainty algorithm, based on calculating the equation of state compressibility sensitivity for a small change in composition, allows users to keep pace with the equation of state improvements. It also identifies operating areas where higher component interaction sensitivities result in increased equation of state compressibility uncertainties.
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Document ID: 0445F66E

Using Common Ultrasonic Meter Diagnostics to Estimate Changes
Author(s): Richard Rans
Abstract/Introduction:
Ultrasonic meter chord locations, path types, path angles, meter body inlet bevel angles and nonaxial flow cancelation designs are manufacturer-specific. Manufacturers have adopted similardiagnostic terminology such as profile factor, asymmetry and cross flow, that requires meter specific interpretations. These common terms can have very different meanings when trying to compare diagnostics from one meter manufacturer to another. This paper describes how to create a traceability chain between meter calibration, commissioning and operation using velocity diagnostics that are common to all ultrasonic meters with three or more chord velocity measurements. The diagnostics are based on Gaussian quadrature geometric characteristics and chord average velocities at fixed chord locations.
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Document ID: 488B3308


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