Measurement Library

South East Asia Flow Measurement Conference Publications (2017)

Coriolis Meters & Wet Gas Service
Author(s): Richard Steven, Josh Kinney
Abstract/Introduction:
For economic reasons most wet gas flows are metered by single phase gas meter technologies. The wet gas performance of different gas meters is therefore important. While a good dry gas meter, there is little published about Coriolis meter wet gas performance. In 2010 BP, CoP , & Emerson recorded a limited Coriolis meter wet gas data set at CEESI. To discuss the data it is necessary to review the terminology.
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Document ID: 9B571180

Cryogenic Facility For Testing Low Temperature And LNG Meter
Author(s): T. Cousins
Abstract/Introduction:
Even with the drop in value of Gas the construction of LNG production facilities around the world continues to increase. Cooling natural gas to about - 260 F at ambient pressure results in the condensation of the gas into liquid form, known as Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). The formation of LNG is essential in the international transportation of natural gas, as LNG takes up about one six hundredth the volume of gaseous natural gas, making transportation over long distances more efficient. Liquification also has the advantage of removing oxygen, carbon dioxide, sulphur, and water from the natural gas, resulting in LNG that is almost pure methane.
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Document ID: F1924DB9

Multiphase Flowmeter Performance Evaluation
Author(s): Hugo Harstad Audun Aspelund Hamza Fahd Matallah Bertus Bergsma
Abstract/Introduction:
est and evaluate the performance of a new non - radioactive multiphase flowmeter (MPFM) Develop a systematic test methodology applicable to any MPFM by any 3 rd party test facility (industry standard)
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Document ID: 4BC5CE58

Making One Multiphase Meter Per Well A Reality In Asian Fields
Author(s): Oyvind Bjorkhaug
Abstract/Introduction:
MPFM 2600 MVG Modular -based Multiphase and Wetgas Flow Meter In response to this reality, Roxar has developed a flexible and cost - effective meter that provide solutions for multiple applications These include oil and wetgas wells, direct wellhead monitoring, multi -well testing, allocation and fiscal metering, as well as shale well flow back monitoring The Roxar MPFM 2600 modular -based meter helps operators manage costs and increase efficiencies while enhancing production and making marginal fields more viable The one multiphase meter per well vision, to which so many operators aspire, is one step closer to a reality worldwide
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Document ID: 823AD1E6

A New Salinity Sensor For Improved Hydrate Management And Flow Assurance In The Asia Pacific
Author(s): Teerachai Leeungculsatien
Abstract/Introduction:
Deep wet gas field developments continue to grow (e.g offshore Malaysia, IDD Indonesia) Many Asia Pacific wells produced over a wider range of process conditions More liquid and water present in wet gas fields Flow assurance challenges - a negative effect on the fields economics
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Document ID: 496DC4BC

Coriolis Meters & Wet Gas Service
Author(s): Richard Steven Josh Kinney
Abstract/Introduction:
The natural gas production industry has a wide spre ad requirement to meter wet natural gas flows. Wet natural gas flows tend to b e present in two different production scenarios. The first is upstream of the processing system. In this scenario there can be a substantial quantity of liq uid relative to the gas flow (i.e. a large liquid loading). The other is downstream o f the processing system where further changes in thermodynamic conditions can cau se some heavier gas components to drop out of the processed gas. In th is scenario there is typically a relatively small quantity of liquid relative to the gas flow (i.e. a low liquid loading). Industry requires to meter both these wet natural gas flow scenarios
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Document ID: 1C97585F

Dew Point, Wet Gas And Its Effect On Natural Gas Sampling Systems
Author(s): Philip A Lawrence, Susan Brandon
Abstract/Introduction:
Wet gas measurement is becoming widely used in the m odern oil and gas market place. The effect of entrained liquid in gas and its impact on measurement systems is being researched world - wide by various laborat ories and JIP working groups. The impact can be very significant financially. Hydrocarbon and Water Dew Point also effects the financial operation of a gas transportation company if not managed effectively amounting to hundreds of thousands of dollars per annum generally based on incorrect sampling and its subsequent analysis
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Document ID: D4910424

A Differential Pressure Meter For Low Reynolds Numbers
Author(s): Craig Marshall
Abstract/Introduction:
World energy demands are expected to increase consi stently for the foreseeable future putting additional stress on energy security . Hydrocarbons have long been a stable source of energy for the world and their u se is expected to increase in line with energy demand. Worldwide production rates for oil and gas are set grow substantially 1. However, with the majority of fl uids produced already considered to be light or conventional fluids, the additional production will have to come from more unconventional sources.
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Document ID: 862BB68F

DP Meter Verification System - Operator Field Results And Practical Use
Author(s): Mohd Hassanudin, Jennifer Rabone
Abstract/Introduction:
Since DP Diagnostics and Swinton Technology deliver ed to industry the comprehen sive DP meter verification system Prognosis it has been steadily growing in popularity and acceptance. Increasing use throughout industry has led to multiple field examples from different sources showing the practical usefulness of the system for verifyi ng the serviceability of DP meters . A brief review of the Prognosis system is given in Section 13 ( Appendix ) . For further details the reader should refer to the descriptions given by Steven 1, 2, Skelton et al 3 & Rabone et al 4.
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Document ID: A56B6395

The Practical Uncertainty Of Proved And Unproved Meters For Liquid Hydrocarbon Measurement
Author(s): Terry Cousins
Abstract/Introduction:
The paper compares the potential performance of a l iquid custody transfer flow meters in the field when calibrated at a laboratory and operated in the filed without proving, and then with the same meter if it calibrated on site, using in- situ proving. The paper concentrates on the resulta nt uncertainties, not as a theoretical concept but in practical terms, to be o btained by both methods. The objective is not to produce a paper on detailed unc ertainty methods but to give a real idea of the issues that will affect the uncert ainty, and some view as to the relative importance of each issue
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Document ID: 2D5EE3EC

Resolving 0.25 Defect In 36 Field Prover Gain Of Millions Dollars
Author(s): Husain Alabdeen Henry Gomes
Abstract/Introduction:
Husain Alabdeen and Henry Gomes
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Document ID: 7A0066C8

Improving Coriolis Entrained Gas Performance For Direct Wellhead Measurement
Author(s): Laura Schafer
Abstract/Introduction:
Entrained gas causes over - measurement of liquid in most flowmeters ? Allocation totals more than sales totals ? Legal exposure on measurement ? Lack of indication and quantification leads to loss of confidence in metering ? Loss of insight into reservoir and well performance ? Persistence of process issues
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Document ID: 45E4262A

Cryogenic Facility For Testing Low Temperature And LNG Meters
Author(s): W. R. Johansen, T. m. Kegel T. Cousins
Abstract/Introduction:
A liquid nitrogen calibration system has been in co ntinuous use at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) facili ty in Boulder, Colorado USA since 1970. The system has been moved to the Colora do Engineering Experiment Station, Inc (CEESI) flow laboratory near Nunn, Col orado. NIST will continue to provide calibrations at the new location and CEESI will begin to provide commercial calibrations using the same equipment. A desctription of the events leading up to the desi gn and construction of the system is available in a paper by Scott and Lewis1 . The use of the system as an ambient temperature gas flow measurement system is described by Mann and Brennan2.
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Document ID: 1DDBEE6E

Multiphase Flowmeter Performance Evaluation
Author(s): Hugo Harstad, Audun Aspelund Hamza Fahd Matallah Bertus Bergsma
Abstract/Introduction:
Multiphase flowmeter (MPFM) manufacturers lack indu stry standards for comparison and validation of meter performance. The refore, when introducing a new meter to the market, the lack of standards is a challenge and will likely delay access to oilfield trials and product commercializa tion. Since 2010 Abbon has developed a new non-radioactiv e multiphase flowmeter. It is a 3 meter with a compact and durable design. Me chanical design, materials, electronics, engineering and software coding have m atured from component testing and prototyping into a field ready product
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Document ID: AEFDB011

A Way Forward To Comparison Of Mpfm Test From Flow Loop To Field Conditions Taking Into Account Specific Challenges, Relevant Criteria, And Other Practical Statements To Succeed
Author(s): Bruno Pinguet
Abstract/Introduction:
The multiphase and wet ga s meters (MPFM) are way out of the infancy, being on the market since more than 20 years. The business is growing and significa ntly even during the last years carried by some key MPFM users making large repeat orders . Meanwhile, the very con servative oil a nd gas business , with sometime unrealistic specification of manufacturers make the growth not to level we should be expect ed, and furthermore some oil and gas companies are still suspicious with such products
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Document ID: 3759A0C7

Making One Multiphase Meter Per Well A Reality In Asian Fields
Author(s): Oyvind Bjorkhaug Charles Johnson Finney Feng Puneet Jain Lars Anders Ruden
Abstract/Introduction:
With many Asian oil & gas operators facing tighter margins due to the current low oil & gas prices, the costs of deploying one multip hase meter per well is simply not feasible. Yet, multiphase meters and the abili ty to accurately measure the flow rates of oil, gas and water directly from the well-head in real-time still represent one of the best means of improving well e fficiencies and the cost- effective delivery of oil & gas from reservoir to r efinery. This extended abstract will examine how new, smart, flexible and cost-effe ctive multiphase metering technologies are meeting this need based around the concept of modularit
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Document ID: B8BF1CAF

A New Salinity System For Improved Hydrate Management And Flow Assurance In Asia Pacific
Author(s): Teerachai Leeungculsatien Oyvind Bjorkhaug
Abstract/Introduction:
Many Asia Pacific oil & gas wells today are being p roduced over a wider range of process conditions with more liquid and water present and greater chan ces of saline and formation water entering the flow. This is particularly the case for wet gas fields, l eading to scaling and hydrates formation, corrosion and threats to the integrity a nd availability of subsea wells and infrastructure (as well as increasing the need for MEG injection). In worst- case scenarios, formation water and water coning in the reservoir can jeopardize hydrocarbon production and lead to well shutdowns. With the current low oil & gas prices, the presence of such production obstacl es can also have a highly negative impact on field economics
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Document ID: A92BC3DD

An Innovative Technology For Coriolis Metering Under Entrained Gas Condition - Promass Q With Enhanced Performance Ag Ainst Variation Of Process Conditions
Author(s): Na
Abstract/Introduction:
02/16/2017 Overview Promass Q with enhanced performance ag ainst variation of process conditions Basic introduction to Coriolis meter Enhanced meter performance agai nst various process conditions Process influences from pressure, temperature and installation stress Process influence fr om entrained gas Enhanced performance with Multi Frequency Technology Further potential
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Document ID: 0E88E15D

New Developments In Smart Sampling For Online Analytical Equipment
Author(s): Dirk-Jan Ruijter
Abstract/Introduction:
Founded in 1978 as a trading and distribution company for analytical instruments. Evolved to system integrator for analyzers for both upstream and midstream markets . Located in Purmerend , the Netherlands, Szeged in Hungary and Houston, USA. International expansion in the 90s, ca. 100 employees, and global sales and distributor network. Key - products with customized solution: WIM COMPAS BTU, CARI and flare gas analyzer. C - QUAND online XRF analyzers for liquids, TDL analyzer with photo acoustics for H 2 S , H2O and CO2. Complete analyzer packages for Oil and Gas.
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Document ID: 95B2EF62

Dew Point Wet Gas And Its Effect On Natural Gas Sampling Systems
Author(s): Philip A Lawrence Susan Brandon
Abstract/Introduction:
L iquid in gas entrainment (Wet Gas) and its impact on measurement systems is being researched world wide. Its impact can be very financially significant ...... . Hydrocarbon and Water Dew Point also effects the financial operation of gas transportation companies. Incorrect Sampling of Hydrocarbon D ew Point and its subsequent analysis also can amount to many + 100K per annum
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Document ID: 04AED5EE

A Differential Pressure Meter For Low Reynolds Numbers
Author(s): Craig Marshall
Abstract/Introduction:
There are measurement issues associated with these fluids which have important financial considerations In general, the fluid mechanics is still not fully understood: Laminar/Transition/Turbulent flow Critical Reynolds numbers Velocity profile
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Document ID: 7543D12E

DP Meter Verification System - Operator Field Results And Practical Use
Author(s): Mohd Hassanudin Jennifer Rabone
Abstract/Introduction:
The DP Meter verification system Prognosis has been steadily growing in popularity and acceptance. Multiple field examples from different sources are now available showing the practicality & usefulness of the system for verifying DP meter serviceability. This field data shows DP meter self - verification capabilities fully utilized for the operational benefit of the meter user
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Document ID: 96187D03

The Practical Uncertainty Of Proved And Unproved Meters For Liquid Hydrocarbon Measurement
Author(s): Terry Cousins
Abstract/Introduction:
The paper discusses: The Implications of using metering for custody transfer with and without on site proving.
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Document ID: 2AD16256

The Paper Discusses: The Implications Of Using Metering For Custody Transfer With And Without On Site Proving.
Author(s): Husain Alabdeen
Abstract/Introduction:
Custody transfer approved as per API Passed a successful Water - Draw Calibration Conforming the KPC tolerance export criteria (0.3% Ship - Shore Diff) Since 2013 up to now: 1) Yearly Master Meter Calibration 2) Quarterly Temperature and Pressure Transmitter Calibration
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Document ID: F92AC876


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