Measurement Library

2016 CEESI North American Custody Transfer Measurement Conference Publications

CEESI

Advancing Alternative Methods For Traditional Tank Gauging
Author(s): Stephen C. Anson
Abstract/Introduction:
Custody Transfer - flow measurement in which the purpose is to arrive at a volume on which payment is made, or received as ownership is exchanged ? When money/ownership is exchanged, accuracy matters Custody Transfer volumes determine: ? Ownership/Possession ? Value ? Allocations - Production and Fiscal Settled volumes are used for: ? State and Federal Agency Reporting ? Royalty Payments
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Document ID: BBFB6DBB

Flow Metering In The Digital Age
Author(s): Na
Abstract/Introduction:
Subsea Systems Subsea trees & wellheads Subsea power & processing Controls Manifolds Flexible risers Flow lines Specialty connectors & pipes Digital Solutions Asset condition monitoring Vibration monitoring solutions Control sensing & inspection solutions Optimization & diagnostic software Pipeline inspection and integrity services Control & safety relief valves Natural Gas solutions
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Document ID: 91B4E0B0

Coriolis Meter Calibration Options For Natural Gas
Author(s): Marc Buttler
Abstract/Introduction:
A Coriolis meter measures mass directly Tubes are sensitive to bulk inertial forces of the fluid mass Measurement is not affected by changes in fluid properties and velocity profile
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Document ID: A29346CE

The Appropriate Calibration Requirements Of Liquid Custody Transfer
Author(s): T. Cousins
Abstract/Introduction:
The main objectives of this presentation are to: - Try and make Engineers aware of the pitfalls of Linearisation(Data Fitting) meters. - To show that Reynolds number is an important issue. - To look at the methods of Linearising and the problems - To show the real calibration requirements of meters - To show a good quality calibration facility that fulfils many of the requirements for good calibration. - Briefly discuss the pitfalls of extrapolation to high Reynolds numbers.
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Document ID: 4EE07940

Will I Make 50 Years In Flow Measurement
Author(s): T. Cousins
Abstract/Introduction:
Hodgson He designed the first Venturi meters , which were installed by the Victoria Falls Power Co. 1916 Orifice plates - The basis for all subsequent orifice work Wrote on using earths heat for district heating Ardent Communist - George Kent Capitalist!!! Dall Great f low measurement Man Dall Tube Maker of Optical lenses First man to cycle the complete breadth of Iceland
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Document ID: 48075171

Implications Of New Blm Regulations On Lact Systems
Author(s): Jorge Delgado
Abstract/Introduction:
Current Order 4 ? LACT systems require Automatic Temperature Compensator ATC/ATG. ? PD meters only. ? Proposed 3174. ? The operator must notify BLM Authorized Officer (AO) within 24h rs of any LACT system failures (3174.7). ? Automatic temperature compensators and temperature and gravity compensators are prohibited and must use temperature averagerinstead (subpart 3174.7). ? Allows Coriolis meters in lieu of PD meters (subpart 3174.9). ? S&W requirements (Subpart 3174.8) ? Area of concern: ? The AO notification time is to short. ? Use of temperature averagerwould require the submission of a va riance or replacement. ? Coriolis meters are not part of the required equipment for LACT systems according to Subpart 3174.8. Subpart 3174.8 number 7 only lists PD meters. ? New S&W requirements will only allow the use of S&W monitors th at are internally plastic coated capacitance probe. Definition of S&W monitor is too specific.
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Document ID: 17650854

Minimizing Installation Errors For Gas Ultrasonic Custody Sta Tions
Author(s): Na
Abstract/Introduction:
2016 by Honeywell International Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Field Multi-Path Gas Ultrasonic Meter (Gusm) installations may require pipe inlet bends, tees, headers, cleanouts, etc. that can create significant flow disturbances for meter inlets. Design them to work right! Use the expensive, hard-fought knowledge available from millions of dollars of real piping tests tests
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Document ID: D85EDEB9

Mitigating Ultrasonic Measurement Uncertainty In The Field
Author(s): Lonna Dickenson Martin Schlebach
Abstract/Introduction:
AGA 9 allows for 0.3% added measurement uncertainty after calibration due to installation effects Even very small amounts of contamination can exceed 0.3% measurement uncertainty depending on the source(s) Common sources of additional uncertainty: - Blockages - Dirt and dust buildup - Black powder - Liquid hydrocarbons - Corrosion - Compressor oils - Debris or other contaminants
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Document ID: 2C80C43F

Flare Measurement The Importance Of Calibrating Flare Meters 2016
Author(s): Eric Estrada
Abstract/Introduction:
n the Houston/Galveston/Brazoria area, as defined in 115.10 of this title (relating to Definitions), any site with a controlled or uncontrolled vent gas stream containing highly reactive volatile organic compounds (H RVOC) , as defined in 115.10 of this title, or a flare that emits or has the potentia l to emit HRVOC is subject to this division (relating to Vent Gas Co ntrol) in addition to the applicable requirements of Subchapter B, Divisi ons 2 and 6 of this chapter (relating to Vent Gas Control and Batch Proces ses) and Subchapter D, Division 1 of this chapter (relating to Process U nit Turnaround and Vacuum-Producing Systems in Petroleum Refineries ).
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Document ID: 1B2C7788

Real Time Electronics - Class #3150 Gas Measurement - Diagnostics Of Ultrasonic Flow Met
Author(s): Na
Abstract/Introduction:
Gas measurement 2016 3 Real Time Electronics Gas Measurement - Class #3150 Accuracy expressed in money ? As an example ? 6 flowmeter that measures 80 MMSCFD at 870 PSI ? Gas price of US 3.5 / MMBTU ? Flow through meter is US 280,000 per day ? This is US 102,200,000 per year ? 0.1% accuracy costs US 102,200 per year
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Document ID: 1CABB682

Custody Measurement Of Multiple Viscosity Oils With Helical Turbine Meters
Author(s): Didier Paboi
Abstract/Introduction:
Recent improvements of our Helical Turbine meter design allow us to extend field applications and to answer critical new process issues. Principle of operation is no longer a secret and performance of our helical turbine has been demonstrated for many years. Principal technical issues to measurement challenges remain: ? Linearity ? Repeatability ? Stability ? Range of applications (from LPG to heavy crudes)
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Document ID: 6DDE7490

2016 North American Custody Transfer Measurement Conference
Author(s): Stephen T. Steve() Stark
Abstract/Introduction:
That first CEESI ultrasonic meter event addressed only ultrason ic meters, but was truly groundbreaking in that there were so few rules in pla ce and no anti-trust requirements or other restrictions - it was pretty much a free for-all but very valuable. It was designed for wi de-open communication with no strings attached. There were only nine gas companies attending (Williams, Norther n Border, Gulf South, Calpine, Enron, SoCal, Duke, Kinder Morgan, and Nor thern Indiana Public Service Co.) and only thr ee vendors (FMC, Instromet, and Daniel).
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Document ID: 50ECC1BA

2016 North American Custody Transfer Measurement Conference
Author(s): Steve Stark
Abstract/Introduction:
Open to anyone wishing to attend No anti - trust requirements All ultrasonic gas measurement subjects allowed Gas companies discussed problems and concerns Vendors talked about their products Labs talked about their facilities
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Document ID: 98498884

2016 Multipath Ultrasonic Flow Meters - Class #1220 For Gas Measurement
Author(s): Richard Koeken
Abstract/Introduction:
Flow profiles Ultrasonic measurement principle 2016 4 Multipath Ultrasonic flow meters for gas measurement Measured flow velocity is function of: ? Time (t ab and t ba ) ? Geometry meter body (L and cos ? ) Therefore ? Independent from fluid properties ? Calibration valid at all operating pressures ? Linear meter curve
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Document ID: B5C78B2B

Smart Ea Mixing Technology For Liquid Sampling In Custody Transfer Applications
Author(s): Dr Wes Maru
Abstract/Introduction:
Sampling is not another function of measurement it is the heart and soul of the profit figure. ... it must start correctly if it is to end well.
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Document ID: 0F5DD1E2

Application In Liquid And Gas Measurement Using Clamp-On Ultrasonic Technology
Author(s): Ron Mccarthy
Abstract/Introduction:
Correct installation Temperature stability Liquident table setup Diagnostics Communications Using meter in correct flow regim
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Document ID: 4FB01E9B

Using Technology To Automatically Identify Gas Usm Measurement Problems
Author(s): Randy Mcdaniel John Lansing
Abstract/Introduction:
The benefits of gas USM diagnostics are well known : USM technology has reduced LAUF for most companies : Diagnostics are one of the key benefits of the USM : Generally clients obtain diagnostic data by driving to the site : This can be time-consuming & requires a skilled technician : Valuable diagnostic data is obtained from the USM during flow : However, there may not be any gas flow at the time of visit : Thus some of the USM benefits wont be realized
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Document ID: 085CC0BE

Ngl Measurement Direct & Inferred Mass
Author(s): Dean Minehart
Abstract/Introduction:
Natural Gas Liquid (NGL) component mixtures - Why mass measurement? ? Mass/Volume/Density relationships - Coriolis meter theory of operation ? Mass measurement - Direct mass measurement - Inferred mass measurement ? Density measurement and product sampling ? Conversion of measured mass to volume
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Document ID: 74523591

Water Cut Test At The CEESI Water And Oil Facility
Author(s): Damon Myers
Abstract/Introduction:
Why Measure? Still viable option to produce oil with high water content As wells become experienced water is introduced to pressurize the well Lower quality wells have higher water content Measurement of product prior to separation is becoming a more common to help reduce costs
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Document ID: 75FAA1D3

Water Draw Certification
Author(s): Na
Abstract/Introduction:
Copyright 2016 Certified Calibrations, Inc. This presentation will explain: What a water draw is Why they are important How they are performed
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Document ID: 4234FB74

32 Beam Technology For Multi Viscosity Custody Transfer Applications
Author(s): Dr Julien Porre
Abstract/Introduction:
Is it really what a turbulent flow velocity profile looks like ? Is four plans enough to describe it
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Document ID: 3869AEA1

History Of Clamp-On Ultrasonic Metering
Author(s): Na
Abstract/Introduction:
First practical use of Doppl er for heart valve motion Medical applications of the Ultrasonic doppler techniques were first implemented by Shigeo Satomura and Yasuhara Nimura at the Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research in Osaka, Japan in 1955 for the study of cardiac valvu lar motion and pulsations of peripheral blood vessels
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Document ID: E199CD56

What Is Measurement?
Author(s): Daniel J. Rudroff. Terry Cousins
Abstract/Introduction:
There are many definitions but Measurement is the Search for the Truth Accuracy, Checks, and Proves in a Metering System Every component on a Liquid Metering Skid is checked. The sample checks the components such as Densitometers, BS&W monitors etc The Prover checks the meter, its installation and components
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Document ID: 9DCEA278

Flow Conditioning
Author(s): Cpa
Abstract/Introduction:
6/27/2016 1 Fluid Flow Conditioning CEESI 2016 CPA Flow Conditioning 2016 June 27, 2016 Flow Conditioning There is no flow meter on the market that needs flow conditioning. All flow meters are effective without any type of flow conditio ning. CPA Flow Conditioning 2016 June 27, 2016 Flow Conditioning Why do we want to use flow conditioners then? Can eliminate up to 80 -90% of pipeline swirl. Restore flow profile symmetry and eliminate distortions. Isolates the flow meter from upstream disturbances. Allows much shorter meter runs to be used with much higher repe atability. Improves the benefits of many USM diagnostics by providing flow stability. Helps with noise or pulsation problems. Helps balance the pressure, velocity and flow rate of meter tub es running in parallel. They UNLOAD the flow meter, helping it become even more accurat e.
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Document ID: 90388B9B

Usm Wet Gas Testing
Author(s): Martin Schlebach
Abstract/Introduction:
bjective is to test path configuration options in a wet gas environment Initial testing of a two path Junior sonic and references to Daniel Patent granted in 2002 were used to start initial tests After initial DNV GL testing special 2 and 3 path meters were constructed with paths at 0 , 5 , 15 and 30 from vertical Subsequent testing at DNV GL was part of a JIP to initially determine the survivability of GUSMs in high LVFs and subsequently develop a correction algorithm. Testing at CEESIs wet gas loop in Nunn, CO was scheduled to try and further prove design concepts
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Document ID: 9D2E46A0

Ultrasonics In Non Traditional Measurement
Author(s): Irvin Schwartzenburg
Abstract/Introduction:
Traditionally, Ultrasonics are mostly seen in the Transmission Market ? And for Good Reason ? Best practices in AGA 9 strive to achieve the best measurement at the lowest uncertainty ? Lowest uncertainty translates into dollars ? Example: at a single measurement point, a 24 pipeline @ 50 fps/ 800 PSI ? 715 MMSCF/D ? @ 1.90/BTU.... About 530 M / year ? 0.25% is almost 1.5M / year ? USM has proven itself in large, hi flow, high value pipelines
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Document ID: 42D8A859

Unique Challenges In The Sampling And Flow Measurement Of LNG And Other Cryogenic Fluids
Author(s): Kevin Warner
Abstract/Introduction:
Fundamentals of Sampling Analytically Accurate Methods & Processes Fundamentals of Sampling Sampling allows the user to unde rstand the content of their ves sel or pipeline Analytically Accurate sampling requires allof the following: Tapping sample from reservoir contained in vessel or pipeline Extraction of a representative sample from a vessel or pipeline Transportation of sample to sample conditioning system Adjustment of sample pressure and temperature Transformation to gas phase of sample if needed Delivery of sample to analyzer
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Document ID: D9ADB2DF

Economics Of Compositonal And Quality Determionation
Author(s): David Wofford
Abstract/Introduction:
Fluids o Natural Gas Naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture comprised primarily of methane, ethane, propane and heavier hydrocarbons, as well a carbon dioxide, nitrogen and other diluents. o Condensate Natural gas liquid composed of primarily pentanes and heavier hydrocarbons with an API gravity of 45 o or greater. o Crude Oil Petroleum liquid of an API gravity of 45 o or lower containing heavier hydrocarbons, mostly Alkanes (Paraffins), Cycloaklanes(Naphthenes), Aromatics and Aspahltics.
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Document ID: BAB3AD19

Revolutionary Technology In Hydrocarbon Dewpoint Analysis
Author(s): Sohrab Zarrabian,
Abstract/Introduction:
New Hydrocarbons and Water Dewpoint Analyzers were installed ? ZEGAZ Instruments on-line and portable Dewpoint Analyzers ? Based on CEIRS Data corresponding to 20 years were collected The data was analyzed and reported
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Document ID: E3695C47


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