Measurement Library

Canadian School of Hydrocarbon Measurement Publications (2015)

Canadian School of Hydrocarbon Measurement

Replacing Transmitters Will Cost Too Much!
Abstract/Introduction:
Two Recommended Processes Commissioning - Used for Transmitter Original Installation and Replacement Verification - Used to Check that the Transmitter is Operating Within Acceptable Limits
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Document ID: 057232AF

Temperature For Fiscal Measurement: Advantage Of Early Detection Of Isolation Errors
Author(s): Joseph P. Carey
Abstract/Introduction:
Introduction Theory of Sensor Isolation Theory of Electrical Temperature Measurement Examples of Isolation Error Isolation Monitoring with SmartSense Conclusion
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Document ID: 163EB89C

Reading & Interpreting Gas Analysis
Author(s): Pascal.Bonnet
Abstract/Introduction:
Why do people collect and use analyses? Why is it important to review? How are compositions determined? What is in the makeup of a gas analysis? Common sources of errors. How to Validate a gas analysis Examples of poor analyses.
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Document ID: B3DE1ED0

Intro To Oil Sands And Insitu Operations
Author(s): Joey Clarke
Abstract/Introduction:
What is MARP and why do you need one? Technologies for measuring steam and what are each advantage? Using Asset management software to help with MARP Approximately 80% of Canadas oil sands are too deep to mine and must be tapped using in-situ production, which is similar to conventional oil production Increased in situ production is a key part of Suncors plans to increase bitumen supply while reducing costs and our impact on the environment.
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Document ID: B1B9CD48

13th Annual Canadian School Of Hydrocarbon Measurement
Abstract/Introduction:
Overview - Fundamentals of Gas Measurement Part 1 - Importance of Accurate Measurement Part 2 - Fluid Properties, Sampling and Analysis Part 3 - Primary Devices Part 4 - Secondary and Tertiary Devices Part 5 - Measurement Influences and Uncertainty
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Document ID: 8F07CB0B

Vapour Pressure Measurement In The Storage And Transport Of Crude Oil
Author(s): Bob Birchmore
Abstract/Introduction:
The measurement and control of vapour pressure is important in the storage and transport of crude oil. However, vapour pressure measurement and its relevance are often a cause of confusion. This paper will provide a definition of what vapour pressure is, why it is important and discuss terms such as Reid Vapour Pressure, True Vapour Pressure and the ASTM vapour pressure test method.
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Document ID: A9560B7F

Guided Wave Radar: Deeper Exploration Of A Proven Technology Level And Interface Measurements Using GWR For Typical Oil And Gas Applications
Author(s): Gerhard Jansson
Abstract/Introduction:
Many white papers examine the performance and advancement benefits of guided wave radar (GWR) technology in a general way but this presentation goes deeper, explaining how to best install a GWR system for optimum reliability and performance. It is generally understood how GWR technology can provide accurate, unbiased performance information for level and interface measurement in the oil and g as industry. However, that information should be serious considered in order to avoid duplication and inefficiency.
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Document ID: 09E2BED6

Guided Wave Radar - Deeper Exploration Of A Proven Technology Level And Interface Measurements Using GWR For Typical Oil And Gas Applications
Author(s): Gerhard Jansson
Abstract/Introduction:
Bypass chamber: level measurement oil with no water accumulation oil with water accumulation at bottom of bypass water water with a small amount of oil on top Bypass chamber: interface measurement with a flooded chamber Stilling well: interface measurement with a partly filled chamber.
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Document ID: 960908DC

Vapour Pressure Measurement In The Storage And Transport Of Crude Oil
Author(s): Bob Birchmore
Abstract/Introduction:
The measurement and control of vapour pressure is important in the storage and transport of crude oil. However, vapour pressure measurement and its relevance are often a cause of confusion. This paper will provide a definition of what vapour pressure is, why it is important and discuss terms such as Reid Vapour Pressure, True Vapour Pressure and the ASTM vapour pressure test methods.
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Document ID: 58FAEA57

New Methods Of Bitumen Emulsion Sampling And Analysis At Cenovus Christina Lake Operations
Author(s): Dhane Merriman Amin Fardi
Abstract/Introduction:
The objective of this presentation is to provide education in the using fixed volume, pressurized sample (FVPS) method combined with sample extrusion and distillation analysis to obtain watercuts from bitumen emulsion. A case study of sampling trials at Cenovus Christina Lake SAGD Operations.
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Document ID: D36E3ADE

The Use Of Virtual Flow Computing In Upstream Oil And Gas
Author(s): Steve May
Abstract/Introduction:
Crude Calculations done by hand Chart recorders Solar power, battery power, solid-state electronics First EFM (Electronic Flow Meter) API 21, Directive 17 AER Many different methods of telemetry Analogous to the Cloud or the Internet of Things!
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Document ID: 1A30F5E8

Gas Flow In Closed Pipes
Author(s): Steve Moores
Abstract/Introduction:
2015 Practical Demonstrations Practical demonstration of profile change on metering Influence of pipework Demonstration of turndown related to specification Impact of pressure (Gauge or Atmospheric) Creation and effect of pressure drop Questions to be answered prior to meter selection
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Document ID: 9E66D247

Fundamentals Of Gas Measurement
Author(s): Darren Pineau
Abstract/Introduction:
Some infer measurement using pressure and temperature. Some measure directly (using a fixed volume concept). Some use radio waves Some use infrared sensors. Some use microphones to measure acoustic noise Some use harmonics. Some use heat.
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Document ID: C1693AF2

Expectations Vs. Reality - Gas Measurement In Real-World Environments
Author(s): Bruce Wallace
Abstract/Introduction:
Contained gas Moving or static Quantifiable within-limits of standards requirements Metering system Flow rate or volume measurement and reporting Fluid composition measurement and reporting
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Document ID: 1216695E

Optimizing Sample Frequency Using Trends In Oil Density And Sulphur Content Analysis
Author(s): David Penton Andrew Varsanyi
Abstract/Introduction:
Oil sampling Processing and custom treating companies regularly send requests to production companies for periodic laboratory oil and water sampling updates on each trucked site after densities are received on initial loads from trucked sites. The need for current laboratory analyses is to measure and report accurate volumes at truck-in risers. Crude quality sampling is also required to ascertain processing requirements before delivery to a plant. Marketing departments require accurate analyses to ensure proper payment to customers. Proper sampling means reduced uncertainty with product shrinkage. Regulations per Directive 017 generally recommend annual oil quality sampling for most instances, but there are no regulatory requirements focused on oil wells producing water.
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Document ID: E7F02F1D

Measurement Schematic Implementaon: The Aftermath
Author(s): Jonathon Wasylik
Abstract/Introduction:
Regulatory requirements in both AB and BC and, within the next few months, there will be requirements in SK High-Risk NCEs: does not exist does not meet content requirements changes not communicated to PA monthly. Not updated annually. Not shared upon request.
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Document ID: FFA992B3

Optimizing Sampling Frequency Using Trends In Oil Density And Sulphur Content Analysisis
Author(s): David Penton Andrew Varsanyi
Abstract/Introduction:
Data trends in laboratory density and sulfur content are investigated to determine an optimal frequency for sampling updates after initial densities are applied to each trucked-in emulsion load. The accuracy of oil and water volumes determined at treating facilities depends on current oil and water densities in Net Oil Calculations. Sulfur content is important for crude marketing.
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Document ID: 4D0EE900

Not Just Surviving Wet Gas, Measuring Through It
Author(s): Martin Schlebach
Abstract/Introduction:
As part of new product development and joint industry projects, adaptive path configurations have been designed as standalone devices or to work in conjunction with the original British gas design. Developmental designs are intended to help meters survive and provide data to help predict liquid volume fractions (LVF). Tests were conducted at multi-phase loops in Groningen, Netherlands and CEESI Nunn. The results from both tests have and will be used to further develop ultrasonic meters and associated algorithms that will help indicate and predict liquid loading, contamination and ultimately the effects on uncertainty.
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Document ID: 2D5A4575

The Use Of Virtual Flow Computing VFC In Upstream Oil And Gas
Author(s): Steve May
Abstract/Introduction:
The use of Virtual Flow Computing, as proposed herein, is a new concept. However, the implementation is not really new. Virtual Flow Computing is a concept similar to Virtual Operations. Both are viable through the use of technology applied in new ways based on simpler and broader implementation s of other technologies such as telecommunications.
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Document ID: 66943E7A

Testit
Abstract/Introduction:
An application that provides a measurement technician with an advanced progression of automation tools for meeting their calibration and sampling requirements.
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Document ID: 9C44ADB4

L.A.C.T. Unit Proving - The Role Of The Witness Class
Author(s): Bob Petty
Abstract/Introduction:
Liquid hydrocarbons removed from the ground must get to market via one of two ways. They are transported via pipeline or tanker truck from production facilities to pipeline systems, which transport the product to the refinery for processing. Once processed, the liquids are once again sent via tanker truck or pipeline to the distribution points downstream. Whether these fluids are purchased or consigned to common carriers, there is transaction called a custody transfer conducted to transfer ownership of the product for transportation or distribution. In each of these instances, a representative from each party involved in the custody transfer transaction is generally present to observe or witness the events of each transaction.
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Document ID: E3E9C88D

Coriolis Meters Proving And Advanced Diagnostics
Author(s): Gary Fiselier Maureen Evers-Dakers
Abstract/Introduction:
Many coriolis meters are being proved for similar results, month on month All coriolis meter manufacturers provide advanced diagnostics Can the diagnostic tools replace meter proving? So some vendors say!
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Document ID: 4F076019

GC 103: Sample System Fundamentals For GC
Author(s): George Hargreaves
Abstract/Introduction:
This paper will deal with basic concepts for the Sample Conditioning System (SCS) components required for the successful operation of Gas Chromatographs (GC). GCs tend to have a very bad name as instruments very difficult to work with. Most of that bad name has been generated by poor SCS design. Is this familiar My existing SCSs have catch pots collecting liquids. If these liquids are hydrocarbons and the GC is making a BTU measurement, then the SCS is removing the heavy end hydrocarbons which will cause the GC too significantly under report the gas BTU value. This can represent a significant loss in a custody transfer situation.
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Document ID: 349E47E2

Using Multiphase Flow Meters In Lieu Of A Test Separator In Alberta Thermal Facilities
Author(s): Shahid Hussain
Abstract/Introduction:
The concept of measuring the well production is probably as old as the first oil discovery itself. The gas and liquid produced from a well need to be measured with acceptable accuracy for better accountability and for optimum field, production and reservoir management. The Alberta Energy Regulator (AER) has developed standards of measurement accuracy that addresses concerns including royalty, equity, reservoir engineering, declining production, and aging equipment The definition of these accuracy standards includes the maximum allowable uncertainty of monthly volume For field allocation, the Maximum uncertainty of monthly volume relates to the limits applicable to equipment and/or procedures used to determine the total monthly volume.
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Document ID: F6A0C5FA

Using Multiphase Flow Meters In Lieu Of A Test Separator In Alberta Thermal Facilities
Author(s): Shahid Hussain
Abstract/Introduction:
A multiphase flow meter is a device used in the oil and gas industry to measure the individual phase flow rate of oil, water and gas mixtures produced during oil production processes.
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Document ID: AF51D983

Density, The Why And The How
Author(s): Gary Rothrock
Abstract/Introduction:
2015 Density Measurement In the hydrocarbon industry density measurement is essential in many applications such as: Mass and volume flow measurement, Interface detection Quality control, and concentration measurement This class will address liquid density measurement, sensor theory of operation and performance as well as the relationship of density to flow and totals.
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Document ID: A1E77E2E

Data Integrity In Measurement Business Units
Author(s): Evan Olthof
Abstract/Introduction:
The measurement business unit of an oil and gas exploration and production company is the custodian of production measurement data, from the flow meter to the data end-user, and responsible for ensuring the integrity and accuracy of the data are maintained. Maintaining the integrity of the production data is as critical to reporting accuracy as the uncertainty of the physical measurement devices, and requires as much attention and protection.
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Document ID: 1D0A243E

Canadian School Of Hydrocarbon Measurement (CSHM), March 2015, Calgary, Alberta Impact Of Sampling And Subsampling Methods On Liquid Hydrocarbon Analysis And Quality
Author(s): Branko Banjac Derek Fraser
Abstract/Introduction:
Product quality is an important component of petroleum valuation and custody transfer. Measurement and quality professionals are required to coordinate product quality testing in addition to volumetric measurements to determine the value of these products. Western Canada has a wide variety of liquid hydrocarbons that are produced which range from light sweet crudes and condensates to heavy crude oil and bitumens. In addition, the variety of end intermediate products can range from fuels (gasoline, diesel) to other complex mixtures such as dilbits and synthetic crudes. These types of crude oil, fuel and other liquid hydrocarbons are highly variable and differ in physical and chemical properties. They often require specific and specialized sampling techniques for collection of representative testing specimens. The sampling, subsampling or test prioritization that take place are fundamental in the sample analyzing process and have a major impact on quality and accuracy of obtained results. The sampling technique and sample preparation methodologies can equally play an important role in the proper measurement of properties such as density, viscosity and vapor pressure (RVP and TVP), which are the examples of parameters that impact product quality and, ultimately, product valuation. There are also a wide range of chemical parameters used in characterization of crude oils and petroleum products that depend on sampling and subsampling techniques. This paper will provide an overview of sampling methods used in the petroleum industry, covering various types of hydrocarbon liquids and their suitability for various product quality measurements. The discussion will also include information to assist sampling method selection and container selection.
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Document ID: 12D06855

Data Integrity In Measurement Business Units
Abstract/Introduction:
Measurement Business Unit - The processes within an organization which are responsible for the accurate, timely and defensible determination and reporting of production volumes.
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Document ID: BE81CD64

Expectations Vs. Reality - Gas Measurement In Real - World Environments
Author(s): Bruce Wallace
Abstract/Introduction:
This paper will look at problem-solving techniques to help align measurement expectations with real-world conditions. Included, are basic requirements for measuring gas, some potential problems that occur in the real world of gas measurement, and an introduction to a highly effective problem solving process that will: Accurately and concisely define the problem or problems, Effectively identify solutions to problems, Rank each solution based upon certain criteria, Implement the best solutions.
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Document ID: DA2A967B

Lauf-Lost And Unaccounted For
Abstract/Introduction:
Perfect world, what is measured going into a system has to be measured come off of the system Generally a misnomer, similar to low-calorie energy drinks.
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Document ID: 76413F08

Expectations Vs. Reality - Gas Measurement In Real-World Environments
Author(s): Bruce Wallace
Abstract/Introduction:
Why is the company balance so important? Indicates good measurement control Affects bottom-line FERC fuel reporting, contractual LUAF Small imbalances - receipts vs. deliveries Within budget Predictable Repeatable Continuous improvement Low costs - capital and operating expenses See small imbalances High safety Zero accidents
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Document ID: 61C86312

Installation Effects On Gas Flow Measurement Metering
Author(s): Steve Moores
Abstract/Introduction:
There are many books, standards and detailed articles covering the topic of Good Engineering Practice and yet, one of the main issues for all flow-meter manufacturers is the adverse impact of poor site installation practice. This paper is not intended as a scientific document, rather an observation born from years of experience in resolving these very site related issues. The cost to industry, in both time and money, with the potential for loss of confidence in any given technology and manufacturer, is very real and significant. All flow meter manufacturers have experience of this, and often all for a few dollars of straight pipework.
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Document ID: 054AE1C2

DP Meter Diagnostics
Author(s): Kim Lewis
Abstract/Introduction:
Introduction Development of the diagnostics Benefits of diagnostics Typical Examples Actual Applications Conclusion
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Document ID: 78C603A6

End-To-End Flow Computer
Author(s): John-Michael Carolan Noman Rasool
Abstract/Introduction:
While Projects usually have a clear distinction between development phases (Design and Build), and the operations and maintenance phases, the best executed systems occur when operator long-term Operations and Maintenance needs are considered at the design phase of the product and project. Making changes afterwards is expensive.
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Document ID: DDC29FAC

Real-Time Analysis Of Hydrocarbon Composition And Properties In Upstream, Midstream And Downstream Applications
Author(s): Phil Harris
Abstract/Introduction:
Rise in Oil and Gas Production Horizontal drilling technology Reduction in Emissions Process control and vapor recovery Increase in Profitability Measurement, Analysis and Efficiency
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Document ID: 11018744

Real Time Analysis Of Hydrocarbon Composition And Properties In Upstream, Midstream And Downstream Applications
Author(s): Phil Harris
Abstract/Introduction:
The determination of hydrocarbon composition and physical properties is a critical step in allocation of assets, process control, and transportation and facility optimization. However, the instrumentation to perform such analysis is often complex to install, maintain, and operate. Recent advances in Near Infrared (NIR) Spectroscopy has enabled equipment which is ruggedized for field use, can operate at line conditions, and perform similar analysis as conventional equipment with better reliability and speed.
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Document ID: E4FB5AA5

Take A Virtual Look Inside The Oil Separation Proces
Author(s): Dirk Glaser
Abstract/Introduction:
During the oil-water separation process in free water knock-out (FWKO) drums and treaters, it is crucial to monitor the progress of separation. Only a few technologies are available to measure the oil-water interface and the emulsion layer in the extreme environment in the FWKOs and the most reliable and precise of those is a radiometric density instrumentation profiling solution. Radiometric profiling involves taking several measurements from top to bottom of the FWKO to get a profile or a distribution of the densities.
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Document ID: 2CFD2595

Real Life Case Studies - Gas & Liquid Meters
Author(s): Ryan Turcotte Wayne Dunnington
Abstract/Introduction:
AER installed according to applicable industry accepted standards or the manufacturers recommendations. uncertainty requirements of Section 1.
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Document ID: 7BB4EB12

Virtual Look Inside Separation Process
Author(s): Dirk Glaser
Abstract/Introduction:
Separation Common measurement Valuable information Benefit ROI Technical insight
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Document ID: 0A43B28D

System And Methodology For Liquid Ultrasonic Flow Measurement Within Laminar To Turbulent Transitional Zone
Author(s): Paththage Priyadarshana Drew Weaver Dale Goodson Peter Syrnyk
Abstract/Introduction:
Applications for liquid ultrasonic Custody Transfer flow measurement are traditionally limited to flow ranges within the meters performance capability related to the viscosity of the fluid, particularly in t he low Reynolds number region where the flow range is across the laminar, transitional and turbulent flow regimes. This paper discusses new methodology by which the flow meters performance can be extended into lower ranges of Reynolds numbers for viscous flows while maintaining the close tolerances needed for Custody Transfer measurement applications. The methodology includes the ability to dynamically measure the Reynolds number as well as the fluids kinematic viscosity within the laminar to turbulent transition zone.
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Document ID: 352BD0C4

Charts, EFM, SCADA And Other Magic Devices
Abstract/Introduction:
Differential Devices Q C*SQRT(hw*Pf/Tabs) Volumetric or Velocity Devices Q V1*k*Pf/Tabs Must record Pressure, Temperature and Differential Pressure
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Document ID: 1E049255

Charts, EFM, SCADA And Other Magic Devices
Author(s): Howard Bergen
Abstract/Introduction:
This continuation of the fundamentals of gas measurement series will concentrate on what needs to be recorded, how it can be recorded and what kind of audit trail needs to be retained. Trouble shooting the calculation, whether its in the chart world or the electronic world is always challenging so some tips on what to look for will be included here as well as how the information can flow from the source to the destination with the minimum number of fat fingers involved.
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Document ID: F7F357F2

Verification Of Coriolis Flow Meter Calibration: Theory And Practice, Including Lab And Field Results
Author(s): Timothy J. Cunningham
Abstract/Introduction:
Coriolis flowmeters precisely measure mass flow. Separately and independently from the mass flow measurement, Coriolis meters also measure liquid density. Coriolis mass flowmeters use these two measurements to calculate volumetric flow. Because of their inherent accuracy, minimal maintenance, and absence of moving parts to wear out, Coriolis flowmeters have become widely used in a range of applications. This paper will discuss how verification techniques, in conjunction with this inherent robustness, can be used to confirm mass flow calibration.
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Document ID: E968B1EB

On-Line Flow Computers For Liquid Custody Transfer
Author(s): Kevin Kennedy Dale Delowski
Abstract/Introduction:
Flow Computers for custody transfer are a critical element in running a pipeline, as it acts as either the Cash Register or the Toll Booth, and therefore a financial focal point which needs to be both accurate and reliable. It is key that the Flow Computer be installed correctly for both technical and business purposes, and when being replaced or upgraded needs to be put on-stream seamlessly.
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Document ID: 7EEA1C8D

Crude Oil Measurement, Analysis, And Interpretation
Author(s): Nathan Scott
Abstract/Introduction:
Every day, the world consumes over 90 million barrels of crude oil to feed a number of needs including supplying petroleum for automobiles, aviation, heat, plastics, roofing, roadways and infrastructure, and many other industries and uses. Coming in many different forms, the sources of oil range dramatically all around the world. With these variations come a multitude of densities, viscosities, and potential contaminants, all of which have the potential to change the market value of the oil.
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Document ID: BF2F89B1

AER Battery Subtypes What Are The Differences?
Author(s): Pascal Bonnet
Abstract/Introduction:
All facilities must be reported with the correct facility subtype listed in the AER On-line Supplement to Directive 007: Volumetric and Infrastructure Requirements (2011-09) The facility subtype is based on factors such as: Well type Measurement type Physical flow Purpose of Facility? (What is the facility licensed for?)
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Document ID: E9C14A85

New Measurement Practices For Cold Climates
Author(s): Mark Menezes
Abstract/Introduction:
When measurements are installed outdoors where the ambient temperature can fall below -30C - which describes all of Alberta - the user should be concerned about poor accuracy, slow response, poor reliability and unreadable displays. The traditional approach is to winterize - use heated enclosures and heat traced sensing lines and capillaries. Traditional winterization incurs high capital and operating costs, poor performance as well as potential reliability and safety risks.
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Document ID: 1ECAD9F3

Hands On Session For API 10.3 And 10.4 Centrifuge Test Methods
Author(s): Lance Park Marty Gaunde June Wolthuis
Abstract/Introduction:
This submission is to review the differences and uncertainties within A PI 10.3 & API 10.4 centrifuge methods and all contributing factors present. Discussion will include mitigation of the issues and improvements upon the expected accuracy, repeatability, and reproducibility. This is a compilation of information of what has been done through the years and improvements that have been made such as, temperature control, centrifuge tube design, and equipment consistency acceleration/deceleration and capable of higher relative centrifugal force. This hand on course will give the people in the classroom an opportunity to run the equipment on the two different centrifuge methods.
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Document ID: 344468F1

Methodology For Liquid Ultrasonic Flow Measurement Within The Laminar To Turbulent Transitional Zone
Author(s): Martin Schlebach
Abstract/Introduction:
Industry acceptance of Liquid Ultrasonic is driving technology growth Technology is well entrenched into custody transfer type applications Manufacturers are continuing to invest and drive for ease of use and improvements in measurement Customers are applying the technology into more complex applications.
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Document ID: AB42A654

Hands On Session For Centrifuge Methods
Abstract/Introduction:
Consistency within the equipment plays a major role in the accuracy of the results of either method. Achieving and maintaining proper temperature throughout the testing process assists in getting accurate and repeatable results from the centrifuge methods. If the relative centrifugal force (RCF) is not met the results may be over or understated resulting in losses or gains to your system.
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Document ID: D6361445

Measurement Influences And Uncertainty
Abstract/Introduction:
Performance, conformance and bias contribute very differently to measurement inaccuracy and uncertainty. Risk based measurement procedures are based on an understanding of the relative contribution/ control measures of these errors and the measurement accuracy/uncertainty contribution.
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Document ID: 75489336

Orifice Meter Field Testing And Calibration With Improved Calibration And Data Handling Procedures
Abstract/Introduction:
System Overview Dollar Impact Terminology Test / Calibration Frequency Test / Calibration Procedures / API 21.1 2nd Edition 02/2013 Test / Calibration Equipment Test Report Documentation Test Report Verification Process
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Document ID: E2542A12

Water Cut Drift From Wax
Abstract/Introduction:
Customer Had Many Capacitance Style Probes Experiencing issues with wax buildup causing a steady drift in water cut reading. Buildup was causing maintenance issues. Also had water cut shift from presence of free wax.
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Document ID: 3668CCEE

Measurement By Difference
Author(s): Wayne Dunnington
Abstract/Introduction:
What Is Measurement By Difference? Why the Fuss Wayne? AB & BC - What Are The Differences? What is Not Permitted Measurement By Difference & Facility Types Conventional Oil Heavy Oil Conventional Gas?
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Document ID: B62EC0C5

Magnetic Resonance Multiphase Flowmeter: Novel Technology For Direct Oil, Water And Gas Measurement In Multiphase Production Streams
Author(s): Marco Zoeteweij
Abstract/Introduction:
This paper describes a Magnetic Resonance(MR) based multiphase flow meter. During the last decades, the MR technology has enabled many applications. One of the most well-known developments can be found in medical imaging. High resolution, three dimensional body scans provide crucial information for medical diagnosis with many innovations being published every year. Another important field of application is the oil and gas industry. For many years, MR based logging tools have been successfully used for detailed formation evaluation. A scan of the vicinity of the borehole provides information about the reservoir rock structure and pore fluids, which is used for oil production optimization.
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Document ID: 6FA0189F

Magnetic Resonance Multiphase Flowmeter
Author(s): Marco Zoeteweij
Abstract/Introduction:
Introduction Principles of Magnetic Resonance Magnetic Resonance for Multiphase Flow Measurement Test Conditions and Test Results Conclusion and Outlook Acknowledgements
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Document ID: 46203360

What Is PROVEit?
Abstract/Introduction:
PROVEit is an easy to use Windows based application designed to simplify and enhance the process of proving liquid meters Using the latest API tables and report formats, PROVEit provides a step-by-step approach to ensure compliance with industry standard.
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Document ID: 18FE75D6

Orifice Meter Diagnostics - Theory, Laboratory Tests, Operator Interface & Field Results
Author(s): Kim Lewis
Abstract/Introduction:
Orifice meters are popular as they are simple, generally inexpensive & reliable, however there is a long held axiom throughout industry that orifice meters have no internal diagnostics. A flow meter diagnostic system is desirable for several reasons: guarantees meter performance therefore reducing exposure to measurement error.
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Document ID: 317A231E

Orifice Plate Meter Diagnostics
Author(s): Richard Steven Kim Lewis
Abstract/Introduction:
Orifice plate meters are popular for being relatively simple, reliable and inexpensive. Their principles of operation are relatively easily understood. However, traditionally there has been no orifice meter self diagnostic capabilities. In 2008 & 2009 a generic Differential Pressure (DP) meter self diagnostic methodology 1,2 was proposed. In this paper these diagnostic principles are applied to orifice meters and proven with experimental test results. The diagnostic results are presented in a simple graphical form designed for easy use in the field by the meter operator.
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Document ID: 6FC3E061

Liquid Custody Metering Applications
Author(s): Dave Coone
Abstract/Introduction:
Liquid Loading and Unloading Applications Focus on Bulk Racks and Truck Loading Specifically Measurement Canada also covers: Natural Gas Measurement Weigh Scales Electricity Scales (Grocery Stores, Airports, etc.).
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Document ID: 5F661C81

Accounting For Live Fluids In Coriolis Meters
Author(s): Jordan Wilson
Abstract/Introduction:
Coriolis meters What are they? Applications Importance of good numbers Case study: using dead oil density Case study: using old data How to get good numbers Sampling Lab methods Conclusions
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Document ID: 4F2307B1

Accounting For Live Fluids In Coriolis Meters
Author(s): Jordan Wilson
Abstract/Introduction:
Coriolis meters are designed to measure fluid density of single phase fluids. They are used in oilfield applications to determine water cut of emulsions, where water cut is determined from the density of the oil and water. It is very common that these produced emulsions have entrained light ends in them, and not accounting for these light ends can have a big impact on production accounting and monitoring. This presentation will go through the methods that can be employed to determine the live oil and water densities for emulsions that (1) phase separate after sampling and (2) do not phase separate. In both cases, direct physical measurement of the fluid density and simulated techniques will be discussed.
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Document ID: E1EF1D20

AER Directive 017 Sampling And Analysis Requirements
Author(s): Bill Chueng
Abstract/Introduction:
Sampling Requirements and Procedures for Gas and Condensate H2S Sampling and Analysis - technique comparison Compositional Analysis of Natural Gas, Gas Equivalent Factor, and Recombination Sampling and Analysis Frequency Exceptions
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Document ID: 77ECBC27

Methodology Review And Other Considerations For The Estimation And Reporting Of Unmetered Fuel, Flared & Vented Volumes
Author(s): Ted Hart
Abstract/Introduction:
Just small sources, right? Literally hundreds of thousands of emission points ESRD Oil and Gas Reclamation Statistics 400K oil & gas wells have been drilled in Alberta to date 160K of those have been abandoned 14K new wells drilled each year in Alberta alone AER Licensed Facility List 29,428 active facility licenses in Alberta alone Increased scrutiny by public and government Inaccurate estimation and/or reporting can lead to a Notice of High Risk Noncompliance from the AER.
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Document ID: 0B7C52D0

Multiphase Flow In Coriolis Mass Flow Meters: Error Sources And New Developments
Author(s): Scott Schollenberger Joel Weinstein Laura Schafer
Abstract/Introduction:
Effective reservoir management over the life of a field demands regular measurement of individual producers and injectors. However, the capital cost to enable continuous, high-accuracy measurement is difficult to justify for many assets, and often, measurement is facilitated through permanent or mobile test separation units that provide a snapshot of production character once a month or even less frequently. Whether in its initial production or late in life, a single wells production could change suddenly or dramatically, leaving production engineers scrambling through scarce data to find the culprit well and identify an action plan to return asset production to target rate and/or specification.
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Document ID: A8AD1104

Multiphase Flow In Coriolis Mass Flow Meters: Error Sources And New Developments
Author(s): Scott Schollenberger
Abstract/Introduction:
Agenda Direct Wellhead Measurement Necessity and Current State Where do Coriolis meters fit into this Coriolis Entrained Gas Performance Brief overview of Coriolis operation Errors due to entrained gas and how to reduce them Improving Coriolis Capabilities Improving liquid volume flow accuracy Trending and diagnostic information.
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Document ID: 246344A1

Thermal Mass Flow For Greenhouse Gas Measurement
Author(s): Thomas Kemme
Abstract/Introduction:
Measuring heat transfer. Dont over-complicate! Thermal mass flow meters measure flow rate independent of operating temperature or pressure (SCFM, Nm3/h, kg/hr). Convective heat transfer caused by gas flowing over a heated pin. A set point or T is established and maintained by a variable power.
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Document ID: F858E64E

Why Is Measurement Of Water In Hydrocarbons So Difficult?
Author(s): Bentley Scott
Abstract/Introduction:
Measuring water percentage in the oilfield incorporated various methods over the past 40 years ranging from Mason Jars, automated sampling systems, manual sampling to online real time measurement. Many issues remain when investigating validation of measurements in both high water and heavy oil production. Facilities today handle vastly increased ranges of density and types of crude oil complicating already difficult measurement. Many oilfields produce on the average of three barrels of water for each barrel of oil.
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Document ID: 20431748

Common Contaminants In Midstream Gas Gathering Systems
Author(s): Malcolm Beattie
Abstract/Introduction:
Midstream gas gathering systems generally consist of pipelines connected to raw natural gas production facilities Pressures and gas compositions may vary, as may moisture levels Hydrate and integrity issues The gas (aka raw gas) is being gathered for further processing and purification, primarily the removal of: Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Moisture (water) Hydrocarbon Liquids (C6+) NGLs (C3-C5) Spectra Energy, for example, operates several gathering systems with varying natural gas supplies.
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Document ID: CBACB14F

Oil And Gas Measurement Right The First Time And Every Time
Author(s): Mark Flynn
Abstract/Introduction:
PLAN TO STANDARDIZE METERING AND COMMUNICATION DESIGN MOC OF MEASUREMENT AND REPORTING CHANGES FAT & SAT PROCESS FOR METER AND ANALYZER CALIBRATION AND PROVING PROCESSES SAMPLING AND ANALYZE PROCESSES DESIGN OF PROCEDURES VALIDATION OF MEASUREMENT SYSTEM INPUTS AND OUTPUTS AUDIT PROCESSES
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Document ID: FDE00C26

Considerations When Developing A Measurement Canada Approved Liquid Custody Metering System
Author(s): Dave Coone
Abstract/Introduction:
When it comes to both fiscal and custody transfer measurement a applications, Alberta tends to focus on the Albertas Energy regulators Directive 17.
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Document ID: F24E0A18

Oil And Gas Measurement Right The First Time And Every Time
Author(s): Mark Flynn
Abstract/Introduction:
Equity in oil and gas measurement is the goal of industry measurement standards and government regulations. The first step in an equitable allocation is to address any facility imbalance. There is an old adage if you have a meter you have measurement, if have two meters you have a dispute. I would rephrase it if you have a meter utilized incorrectly you have an estimate, until the volume is corrected by a meter utilized correctly. Utilized means to build, maintain, test, and evaluate to industry standards and government regulations.
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Document ID: 9FB158A6

Coriolis Meter Considerations In Flow Computing
Author(s): John-Michael Carolan Gary Fiselier
Abstract/Introduction:
Coriolis meters are more commonly being used in measurement not only for metering, but also for density and flow indication. When paired with a modern flow computer, the coriolis meter can provide multi-variable results over Modbus that not only can increase accuracy, but can provide additional diagnostic information. Proving can be minimized by monitoring the structural integrity internal diagnostics of the Coriolis, and can be automated by a modern flow computer.
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Document ID: 161B60D6

Hands On Session For Centrifuge Methods
Abstract/Introduction:
Centrifuge tubes available for use Different Solvent Type A API 10.3 (laboratory method).
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Document ID: ECE2BC7F


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