Measurement Library

Canadian School of Hydrocarbon Measurement Publications (2014)

Canadian School of Hydrocarbon Measurement

Testing Of Modified Upstream Configurations For Gas Ultrasonic Meters
Author(s): Martin Schlebach
Abstract/Introduction:
Advancements in metering technology, in particular gas and liquid ultrasonic meters, has greatly increased the range of applications and installation configurations, while reducing the uncertainty and improving installation effects immunity. The standard 5-10D, Flow Conditioner, 10D upstream, Meter and 5D downstream dimensions are being challenged by both meter and flow conditioner manufacturers. The modification and addition of paths has reduced upstream requirements and in some cases eliminated the need for flow conditioning. Users should be cautioned that test data from recognized facilities must substantiate these claims, tests ensure meters installed in these modified custody transfer applications perform within the specified uncertainty limits.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 9E95173B

Reading & Interpreting Gas Ana
Abstract/Introduction:
Why do people collect and use analyses? Why is it important to review? How are compositions determined? What is in the makeup of a gas analysis? Common sources of errors How to Validate a gas analysis Examples of poor analyses
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 4B952C52

Fiscal Impact Of Accurately Measuring Hydrocarbon Dew Point
Abstract/Introduction:
Measuring Hydrocarbon Dew Point (HCDP) accurately is critical to the profitability of producing/processing natural gas. End users want a quality product and when HCDP limits are written into the gas contract the producer/processors and pipeline operators each play a role in delivering that quality product. Accurately measuring HCDP in order to satisfy the customer touches every link in this vital supply chain.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 6971A0CB

Measurement Schematics 101
Abstract/Introduction:
Measurement Schematics are one of the most fundamental communication tools between Production Accounting, Engineering, and Operations groups. Having the ability to visually identify where a product originates, where it is consumed or processed is very important in understanding how an accounting system should be configured. The configuration of an accounting system is vital to a companys success from a regulatory and financial perspective.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: F97A4F2F

Improving Measurement Accuracy For Water In SAGD Bitumen Emulsions
Author(s): Dhane Merriman, Mike Robley
Abstract/Introduction:
he objective of this presentation is to provide education in the measurement of water in SAGD Bitumen Emulsions. As an alternative to atmospheric sampling and centrifuge analysis, we will describe the fixed volume sampling and distillation analysis methods and their potential for improved measurement results.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 2FCDED6A

Orifice Meter Response To Wet Gas Flow
Author(s): Richard Steven
Abstract/Introduction:
Wet natural gas metering has become essential to the oil & gas industry. In this presentation we will: Review the known response of the orifice meter to wet gas flow, and, Explain the orifice meter diagnostic system Prognosis, and its reaction to wet gas flow.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 8712E1E0

The Response Of Orifice Meters & Their Diagnostic System To Wet Natural Gas Flow
Author(s): Richard Steven
Abstract/Introduction:
Orifice plate meters are relatively simple, reliable and inexpensive. Their principles of operation are easily understood. However, traditionally there has been no orifice meter diagnostic capabilities. In 2008 & 2009 an orifice meter diagnostic methodology 1,2 was proposed. In this paper these orifice meters diagnostic principles are discussed and proven with experimental test results. The diagnostic results are presented in a simple graphical form for easy use in the field. A special case study of the orifice meters response to wet gas flow and the associated diagnostic output is also given.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 9F33326B

Improving The Measurement Process
Author(s): Bruce Wallace
Abstract/Introduction:
Every business activity described within a process Every process aligned with business goals Customer satisfaction Profitability Measurement process One of many Critical for success
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 8F329E09

Improving The Measurement Process
Author(s): Bruce Wallace
Abstract/Introduction:
This paper will provide: A general description of processes A view of oil & gas measurement as a process Opportunities for measurement improvement WHAT IS A PROCESS? Every human activity can be described within the context of a process. A process can be thought of as a set of activities that produces something, such as a product or service. The resulting product or service is intended to have more value than the cost of its inputs and activities. Formalized business processes, in general, can be described as groups of policies, procedures, and activities supporting a companys Mission, Vision, and Values.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: F5B8C6A4

Uncertainties Within The Centrifuge Method
Abstract/Introduction:
Introduction Accurate Measurement means what? Spend More Better Measurement ? Proper equipment Proper mixing Proper Sample Handling Engineer out Application Weakness Attention to detail Better return
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: F02497CD

Uncertainties Within The Centrifuge Method
Author(s): Allen Wong
Abstract/Introduction:
The centrifuge method is widely used to determine the amount of water and/or sediment in crude oil as part of the custody transfer process. The parties involved in a transaction would benefit to minimize the uncertainties involved. Pipeline companies publish the quantity of water and sediment it will contractually accept. Maintaining a balanced system is crucial to the business of a pipeline company.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 832E6BB7

Hands On Session For Centrifuge Methods
Abstract/Introduction:
Fill two tubes to exactly 100 parts mark (50 milliliters) of the sample (or the solvent solution if crude sample is viscous) Top each tube with the solvent solution (or 50 milliliter of homogenous test sample) to the 200 parts mark (100 milliliters) Add 0.2 mL of demulsifier solution (In our case DMO 46X) Stopper each tube tightly and invert 10 Gmes Loosen the stopper and immerse the centrifuge tubes in a pre-heater set at the required test temperature of 3C of 60C (71C). For at least 15 minutes in bath maintained at test temperature General practice, sample is put into centrifuge when test temperature is attained.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 63F81FC5

Flow Rate Difference Between AGA3 1990 And AGA
Author(s): Wei Sheng
Abstract/Introduction:
In 2004, new expansion factor research, funded by API, GPA, GTI and PRCI, and carried out by CEESI and SWRI laboratories developed a new expansion factor database using air and natural gas. This new database was then regressed to provide the revised equation for expansibility.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: A0AB4C99

Centrifuge Procedure
Author(s): Allen Wong
Abstract/Introduction:
Procedure Outline API Chapter 10.3 API Chapter 10.4
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: B3D2EF13

Liquid Metering Arrangement Directive 17 Section 14-2
Abstract/Introduction:
Vessels sizing and instrumentation selection are sensitive to application process conditions. Fluid flow rate, density, viscosity, pressure, temperature and water content must be taken into consideration.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: C67FD7E6

Considerations For Loading And Unloading Systems
Author(s): Michael Woychyshyn
Abstract/Introduction:
Installations throughout Western Canada for truck and rail unloading/loading systems continue to expand at an ever increasing pace. The overwhelming need for these systems is a direct consequence of insufficient pipeline capacity available for most producers and midstream companies in their respective areas. Proper design is crucial to ensure proper measurement and reporting. This paper will focus on the design considerations and lessons learned in the field from implementing unloading/loading systems throughout Alberta, BC, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: CE308F18

3/16/2014 1 Liquid Phase Meter Run + Flow Conditioning
Abstract/Introduction:
A dichotomy formed and inadvertently turned into standard practice in the flow measurement engineering business. The present school of thought is that there is a distinction between liquid phase and (gas) vapor phase hydrocarbon flow conditioning, metering, and flow measurement. The distinction is Reynolds Number, not Phase.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 721FD55B

Liquid Phase Meter Run Explained
Author(s): Blaine D. Sawchuk
Abstract/Introduction:
The intent of this paper is to illuminate some steadfast paradigms or misconceptions regarding flow measurement in liquids and gases. By educating our industry into the commonality and differences between the two phases, one can come away realizing that at a fundamental level, there are no differences. A fluid is a fluid, not gas phase liquid phase. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and physics is utilized to explain. Flow metering standards are considered. A more comprehensive bibliography is provided as well to assist in reference material procurement.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: BD0231BF

Pulling An Orifice Plate Under Pressure From A Daniel Senior Changer
Author(s): Brad Perin
Abstract/Introduction:
If the application is Sour (more than 10ppm), put on SCBA and have safety back up person who also has a SCBA on. Ensure Vent Valve is Closed. Open Equalizer Valve. Open Slide Valve. Crank lower orifice carrier gear until upper gear is engaged, and then crank up per gear until orifice carrier is in the top chamber. Close slide valve. Insert grease to lubricate and seal slide valve Close Equalizer Valve Open Vent/Bleed Valve and blow down (de-pressure) upper orifice chamber.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: F2E589E2

Turbine Meter-Totalizer Installation & Trouble Shooting
Author(s): Tony Depass
Abstract/Introduction:
Turbine meter basics Pick up coil basics Totalizer basics TM/PU waveform output Totalizer K-factor entry Troubleshooting
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 2B035181

Measuring Hydrocarbon Dew Point Accurately And Its Financial Impact
Author(s): Robert Kenney
Abstract/Introduction:
Introduction/Profit Driven Reasons to Measure Hydrocarbon Dew Point (HCDP) Definition Manual Visual Dew Point Method - Dew Scope Chilled-Evanescent Infrared Spectroscopy (CEIRS) Method Equations Of State (EOS) Method Using GC Data Automatic Optical Condensation Method Best Practices What Costs Are At Stake Conclusion
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: F35BB0B5

Optimizing Measurement Technology For Crude Oil Blending
Author(s): Jon F A Moreau
Abstract/Introduction:
This paper is a review of the critical measurement issues to consider when designing an in-line crude oil blending system and how these variables will affect the performance and therefore ultimately the cost savings/profits delivered by the system. Metering systems and their design philosophy are generally well understood. However, in Canada many companies are using metering technology combined with analyzers and control systems for blending crude oil. This can lead to a higher level of complexity than a metering system. This paper will explore the critical measurement issues that need considering when designing a crude oil blending system and how these variables can affect the performance and cost savings delivered by the system. It contains international case studies of successfully executed crude oil blending systems where the clients were blending heavy and light crude oils to optimize both the sale price and the transportability (i.e. maximize pipeline capacity) immediately downstream of the blending system.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: B6034B7B

Fuel Flare And Vent Measurement, Estimating And Reporting
Abstract/Introduction:
Why Report FFV Metering Estimates Reporting Gas Plants Gas Gathering Systems Facilities with Flare Batteries Wells
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 80D181D0

Ultrasonic Flare Meter Demo
Abstract/Introduction:
History Major Components Designs Application Considerations Diagnostic/Signal Data Maintenance Requirements
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: DB8B542D

Pelican Lake Coriolis Metering
Author(s): Sean Needham
Abstract/Introduction:
About Greater Pelican Assets Polymer injection vs. conventional water injection Measurement challenges Flow meter options and selection Testing results Coriolis Installation practices best vs. ours Maintenance/proving co
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: B82BA7FE

Midstream Measurement Process
Abstract/Introduction:
Slop Emulsion Drilling Mud Frac Fluids Produced Water Leachate (Landfills) Tank Bottoms Sand Spill clean up Acid + Caustic SCHMEG
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: B1222A6B

Oil And Gas Application
Author(s): Peter Kucmas
Abstract/Introduction:
Introduction Conclusion - End before we Begin Technology comparison Project Engineering and System Design Proving Methods
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 435F4FEA

A Worldwide Leader In LPGg Metering Technology LPG Metering Systems For Pipeline & Truck Loading Applications
Author(s): Bynum Vincent
Abstract/Introduction:
Design Objectives with LPG Metering Truck Loading Safely load trucks by drivers or others Dependable equipment Limit the filling of the truck Provide a B.O.L. of total volume Satisfy any design/code requirements. DOT - Dept of Transportation NIST - Weights & Measures NFPA - National Fire Protection Agency ANSI - American National STDs Institute API - American Petroleum Institute CSA - Canadian Standards Association
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: F0A235CA

Performance Trade-offs In Radiation-Based Measurements
Author(s): Chris Willoughby
Abstract/Introduction:
Radiation-based technology provides reliable density, level, weight and mass flow measurements in harsh process conditions. The technology is inherently immune to the effects of process temperature, pressure, dust, buildup, corrosion and abrasion. However, achieving desired measurement results takes careful planning and specification.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 5463F49A

Epap 2014 - Now
Abstract/Introduction:
EPAP History: Where did it all begin? How was it originally viewed? How were programs initially developed? What was the initial outcome? EPAP Learning & Re-Alignment Look back and reassessment Understanding & integration of Measurement Integrity Programs Program re-alignment
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 65A12698

Quality And Frequency Of Analysis And Its Financial Impact
Author(s): John Humnycki
Abstract/Introduction:
The composition of the stream is used to determine the value of that product. Many factors, both outside and inside of the laboratory, can adversely affect the composition. Factors include: variability in the product stream, frequency of sampling (continuous monitoring, composite sample collected over time, multiple samples or single spot), sampling method and sample point validity Inside the laboratory: incorrect GC procedure applied (sample too heavy for older procedures) improper monophasic control of sample, representative sample aliquot and proper application of chromatographic technologies Analyst Proficiency Onsite H2S Analysis
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: E2B93F37

Entrained Gas Can Disturb The sensitivity Of Mass Flow Measurement Of Liquids, Decreasing Accuracy Or Even Stopping Measurement Completely
Abstract/Introduction:
Gas entrainment refers to the presence of gas bubbles in a process. Causes Include: Degassing Leaks upstream Excessive cavitation Levels falling below the minimum in supply containers, Agitators in tanks or long drop distances for media into tanks. Status transitions in process control Starting or shutting down the system Cleaning Procedures.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: C9A00B80

L.A.C.T. Unit Proving - The Role Of The Witness Class
Author(s): C. Bynum Vincent
Abstract/Introduction:
Liquid hydrocarbons removed from the ground must get to market via one of two ways. They are transported via pipeline or tanker truck from production facilities to pipeline systems, which transport the product to the refinery for processing. Once processed, the liquids are once again sent via tanker truck or pipeline to the distribution points downstream. Whet her these fluids are purchased or consigned to common carriers, there is transaction called a custody transfer conducted to transfer ownership of the product for transportation or distribution. In each of these instances, a representative from each part y involved in the custody transfer transaction is generally present to observe or witness the events of each transaction.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 0EA78128

Impact Of Sampling & Subsampling Methodologies On Liquid Hydrocarbon Analysis And Quality
Author(s): Derek Fraser
Abstract/Introduction:
Measuring Product Quality Purpose Identify Sampling and Sample Preparation Impact on Liquid Hydrocarbon Data Quality Process Outline Sampling Techniques, Containers, and Sample preparation techniques Payoff Improve Sample Quality Improve Understanding of Sampling of Liquid Hydrocarbon
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: B004BE77

Viscosity Panel Discussion
Author(s): Allen Wong
Abstract/Introduction:
Introduction Allen Wong, past and present exposures How is viscosity being used as of today? What are the issues one can expect? How accurate can one expect from online viscosity How often is the viscosity being verified? How sustainable/maintainable is viscosity result What are other viable opportunity What are possible alternative to mitigate sustainable within acceptable tolerance reference viscosity.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 73487107

The Why Of Viscosity Measurement
Abstract/Introduction:
In the Lab - At Reference Temperature Referred/Base In the Field At Reference Temperature Cooling/Heating the fluid At Line with Temperature Correction using Lab Data D-341 At Line with Temperature Correction using Automatic Curve Generation Dual System
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 46BCDB9A

Production Oil, Condensate, Water And Steam Measurement
Author(s): Norm Seatter
Abstract/Introduction:
Fundamentals of Liquid Measurement Session # 61 Production Oil, Condensate, Water and Steam Measurement Norm Seatter-Goshen Enterprises Inc. Course Content: - Regulatory requirements - Business requirements - Metering Satellite Test Metering Wellhead Battery Trucked in - Sampling - Heavy Oil Regulatory Requirements: Alberta - Alberta Energy Regulator (AER) Directive 17 BC Oil and Gas Commission (OGC) Measurement Requirements for Upstream Oil and Gas Operations Manual Saskatchewan Saskatchewan Energy Resources (SER) Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations Manitoba Manitoba Innovation, Energy and Mines The Oil and Gas Act Regulatory Requirements: Covers the measurement requirements for the oil and gas industry Production volumes from, and into, a producing formation for reservoir analysis Protects the fiscal interest of the resource owners, citizens or freehold. Royalty payments Partners and third party producers
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 91DAAB4A

Liquid Measurement Volume And The Influence Of Quality
Abstract/Introduction:
Introduction Definitions Factors affecting crude quality and their implications Viscosity Light Ends Vapor Pressure Sediment and Water (S&W) Blending Equalization
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 81B79EF6

Key Items To Consider When Measuring Viscosity In Crude Oil Pipeline
Abstract/Introduction:
WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT ELEMENT WHEN DEALING WITH VISCOSITY MEASUREMENT? Flow rate Pressure Temperature Size None of the above
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 4BE0A30E

Improving Measurement In Saskatchewan
Author(s): Bruce Lerner Gary Ericson
Abstract/Introduction:
Current Saskatchewan regulatory requirements for measurement Sections 78 through 87 of The Oil and Gas Conservation Regulations, 2012 (OGCR) Exemptions and exceptions to basic requirements contained in a variety of Ministers Orders, Guidelines and Leaders Confusion around existence and access to existing exceptions/exemption documents Basic OGCR requirements outdated and lack detail.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: CC8DB01F

Fundamentals Of Liquid Measurement Importance Of Accurate Measurement
Author(s): Bill Noelck
Abstract/Introduction:
Importance of Accurate Measurement Custody Transfer Measurement of Oil and Condensate Production Oil, Condensate, Water and Steam Measurement Liquid Measurement Volume and the Influence of Quality Level Measurement
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 79770DB3

Custody Transfer Measurement Of Oil And Condensate
Author(s): Norm Seatter
Abstract/Introduction:
Definitions Meter Types System Design Provers Proving Meters Sampling
Request Document From www.cshm.ca
Email Reference
Document ID: 1A19644C

Level Measurement
Author(s): Mike Okeeffe
Abstract/Introduction:
Should I be using a POINT level solution or CONTINUOUS level? Which level Technology is the right or best one for my application? What are the advantages/challenges with each type of technology? Is there a PERFECT solution?
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: D67405F3

Enhanced Production Audit Program Reporting Themes And Control Examples
Author(s): Wendy French
Abstract/Introduction:
States key Operator assertions Reports Controls at a summary level Involves Senior Executives Currently submitted through the AER EPAP System.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 5A269220

Canadian School Of Hydrocarbon Measurement (CSHM), March 201 4, Calgary, Alberta Impact Of Sampling And Subsampling Methods On Liquid Hydrocarbon Analysis And Quality
Author(s): Branko Banjac Derek Fraser
Abstract/Introduction:
Product quality is an important component of petroleum valuation and custody transfer. Measurement and quality professionals are required to coordinate product quality testing in addition to volumetric measurements to determine the value of these products. Western Canada has a wide variety of liquid hydrocarbons that are produced which range from light sweet crudes and condensates to heavy crude oil and bitumens. In addition, the variety of end intermediate products can range from fuels (gasoline, diesel) to other complex mixtures such as dilbits and synthetic crudes. These types of crude oil, fuel and other liquid hydrocarbons are highly variable and differ in physical and chemical properties. They often require specific and specialized sampling techniques for collection of representative testing specimens. The sampling, subsampling or test prioritization that take place are fundamental in the sample analyzing process and have a major impact on quality and accuracy of obtained results.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 74AB6617

Effects Of Petroleum Properties On Pipeline Measurement
Author(s): Jim Smith
Abstract/Introduction:
Measurement of liquid hydrocarbons in most pipelines is done on a standard volume basis or by mass. These dynamic measurement points typically are custody transfer and are the cash register measurements between the two parties involved in the transactions. This is one reason why the measurement accuracy is critical with some others being product accountability and a one time dynamic measurement point. The volume or mass measurements must account for the entire liquid product received or delivered in order to track and determine if product is being lost or gained. Several fluid properties can change the accuracy of this measurement and knowing how they impact the measurement is crucial to its integrity. This paper will focus on dynamic measurement or measurement by metering and discuss several fluid properties and their affects on measured results involving the common types of metering technologies used today.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 78869C1F

Liquid Meter Proving Process. Bench Prover/Field Prover Master/Meters
Author(s): Jerry Greiner
Abstract/Introduction:
From The AER Directive 017 we have options on which prover can be used depending on the situation. Water, can always be bench proved Emulsion, Oil, Condensate can be bench proved if less than 2m3/day, but need to be done in place for any volumes higher than that. Why?
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 8519276A

Industry Challenges Of Flow Computer Performance
Author(s): Ryan Turcotte
Abstract/Introduction:
Introduction to Electronic Flow Measurement and Flow Computers EFM Regulatory Requirements Regulatory EFM Performance Evaluations Liquid Measurement Test Cases Gas Measurement Test Cases Systematic Non-compliance EFM Performance Management Processes Open Discussion and Questions
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 2124FC25

Meter Proving At Upstream Separators: Stories From The Field
Author(s): Jerry Greiner
Abstract/Introduction:
Common errors we find. Misconceptions we run into. What should you look for? What goes wrong? What causes inaccuracies? Actual examples we have found.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: D304F8A2

What Number Do I Use?
Author(s): Ken Stothers,
Abstract/Introduction:
Deciphering a gas volume statement as it relates to your FDC (field data capture) Delving into Directive 17 re the complexities of gas volumetric reporting Gas volume reporting to the Petrinex Multiwell Effluent Proration Battery (Petrinex subtype: 362 How to calculate an ECF (Effluent Correction Factor)
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 98F587FC

Minimizing The Bias Between Online And Lab Viscometers
Author(s): Kevin Boehm Darren Wilson
Abstract/Introduction:
There exists a bias between commonly used on-line and laboratory viscometers when measuring dilbit and heavy crude oil. For these products, the measurement uncertainty can often be significantly higher than typical specifications, particularly for the on-line instruments. Proper sample handling along with other additional factors can help minimize this bias and uncertainty of the measurement.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: EF99A309

Meter Calibration 101
Author(s): Chad Grose
Abstract/Introduction:
HIS CLASS IS COMPRISED OF BOTH THEORY AND HANDS ON SECTIONS THEORY WILL BE KEPT HIGH LEVEL AND BRIEF TO MAXIMIZE HANDS ON TIME EACH PORTION OF THE CLASS WILL BE DENOTED WITH THE FOLLOWING INDICATORS:
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 0B7F07E8

The Proper Use Of Guided Wave Radar In High-Pressure Steam Loops
Author(s): Gerhard Jansson
Abstract/Introduction:
The Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage method SAGD is used to mine oil sands deposits that are deeper and harder to reach. The bitumen is heated with steam until the oil becomes less viscous and flows downward along the steam chamber boundary into the production well by way of gravity.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 5C9806C2

Practices And Emerging Trends In Liquid Flow Computing To Improve Accuracy And Reliability
Author(s): John-Michael Carolan
Abstract/Introduction:
Todays contractual and regulatory environment requirements for measurement: accurate reliable guaranteed auditable
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 7FC2CD3F

Multiphase Flow Measurement A Canadian Perspective
Abstract/Introduction:
Multiphase Flow Measurement a Canadian Perspective 1 Outline Background of MPFM in Canada Why MPFM? Site acceptance Testing Why is it required? MPFM limitations -MPFM AER Approvals -Wet Gas Vs. SAGD Designing a SAT -Costs -Getting manufacturer buy-in -Timing -Building the team -Data collection and distribution -Data analysis Conclusion References
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: BA9D53D7

Testing Of Modified Upstream Configurations For Gas Ultrasonic
Author(s): Mar%n Schlebach
Abstract/Introduction:
Redundant electronics are not free running Firing of the 16 transducers is synchronized at the CPU level to avoid signal collisions between the transducer paths.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 37F641E1

Crude Oil Sample Analysis
Author(s): Karl Fischer
Abstract/Introduction:
An understanding of water levels in crude production and custody transfer is crucial to accurately measure net volumes for sales, taxation, etc., and for minimizing corrosion and processing issue.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 37967656

Practices And Emerging Trends In Liquid Flow Computing To Improve Accuracy And Reliability For Custody Transfer
Author(s): John-Michael Carolan Michael Vanderzee
Abstract/Introduction:
There are two main factors identified as driving the evolution of liquids measurement: technology and experience. As new technologies are invented and methods devised to apply existing technologies towards liquids flow measurement, we see a shift in the product landscape from sensors to meters to flow computers. Similarly, as companies gain experience in using these products, lessons are learned and best practices are developed. This paper will present information on some of the practices and emerging trends taking place now in liquids measurement, especially as it applies to custody transfer.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 98CE0CF7

Importance Of Accurate Measurement
Abstract/Introduction:
Fundamentals of Gas Measurement Part 1: Importance of Accurate Measurement Part 2: Fluid Properties, Sampling and Analysis Part 3: Primary Devices Part 4: Secondary and Tertiary Devices Part 5: Measurement Influences and Uncertainty
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 8ED371D4

Is Less Frequent Less Accurate?
Abstract/Introduction:
This presentation will examine: What is required to extend calibration intervals? What is preventing calibration exceptions? How to work towards increased calibration intervals The effects increased calibration intervals have on a system The effects increased calibration intervals have on cost.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: C5AE245E

Improving Proration Factors
Author(s): David Penton
Abstract/Introduction:
Unacceptable battery proration factors can be improved as people who work with the raw production volumes take ownership to mitigate contributing factors. Communication between production accountants, field operations people and engineers helps to identify off-trend monthly proration factors and improve data entries. Ten tried-and true methods are recommended to test wells and validate results before reporting into the Petrinex or other agency.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 4BB07D63

Meter Proving At Upstream Separators: Stories From The Field
Author(s): Jerry Greiner
Abstract/Introduction:
In 15 years of Field meter proving, there are some common errors we find and misconceptions we run into. What should you look for? What goes wrong? What causes inaccuracies? Discussion of issues proving liquid meters at gas wells, using actual examples we have found, and some recommendations for you.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: D761DDE4

Effects Of Petroleum Properties On Pipeline Measurement
Author(s): Jim Smith
Abstract/Introduction:
The measurement result is a calculation accounting for many variables in the measurement system Fluid properties are directly and indirectly tied to this calculation Understanding the fluid property components of the calculation is key to determining their effects Understanding the metering technology principals is also key to determining fluid property effects.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 421BCDA1

Accounting For Live Fluids In Coriolis Meters
Author(s): Jordan Wilson
Abstract/Introduction:
Coriolis meters are designed to measure fluid density of single phase fluids. They are used in oilfield applications to determine water cut of emulsions, where water cut is determined from the density of the oil and water. It is very common that these produced emulsions have entrained light ends in them, and not accounting for these light ends can have a big impact on production accounting and monitoring. This presentation will go through the methods that can be employed to determine the live oil and water densities for emulsions that (1) phase separate after sampling and (2) do not phase separate. In both cases, direct physical measurement of the fluid density and simulated techniques will be discussed.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 1BEAA24D

1 Accounting For Live Fluids In Coriolis Meter
Author(s): Jordan Wilson
Abstract/Introduction:
Emulsions in Oil & Gas Heavy Oil Production SAGD plant API 22 Composition Flow properties
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: A5E38142

Fundamentals Of Gas Measurement
Author(s): Warren Peterson
Abstract/Introduction:
Fluid Properties What natural gas is made of and how it behaves, physically and chemically Sample Systems How to get a representative sample Analysis Quantifying physical or chemical properties using field or lab equipment
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: E36BEB60

Flow Rate Difference Between AGA3 1990 And AGA3 2012
Author(s): Wei Sheng
Abstract/Introduction:
American Gas Association (AGA) Report No.3 is entitled Orifice Metering of Natural Gas and Other Related Hydrocarbon Fluids - Concentric, Square-edged Orifice Meters. It is also known as API MPMS Chapter 14.3. Its normally called AGA 3 in the industry. AGA 3 is divided into four parts. Each part maybe approved and published in a different time. Part 1 is General Equations and Uncertainty Guidelines. The third edition of Part 1 was published October 1990 with second printing June 2003. The fourth edition was published September 2012.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 65465E0B

Panel Members
Author(s): Martin Schlebach Jim Bowen Peter Kucmus Max Harwell
Abstract/Introduction:
Panel Members: 1 Martin Schlebach - Daniel Industries (Emerson) Jim Bowen - Sick Peter Kucmas - Krohne Max Harwell - Elster Agenda: 2 Intro: (4) 5min(ish) presentations: 1. USM 101 (Martin Schlebach) 2. USM Advantages (Jim Bowen) 3. USM Diagnostics (Peter Kucmas) 4. Proving requirements (Max Harwell) 5. Canned questions: (20 mins) 6. Student questions: (15 mins) Highlights of Ultrasonic meter technology 3 Higher turn-down (reducing the need for multiple meters) Less maintenance Velocity device: velocity is not affected by changes in gas density or fluctuating gas compositions. No pressure loss (non-intrusive measurement or obstruction of flow) Bi-directional operation Advanced diagnostics with ability to self diagnose Shorter upstream and downstream pipe requirements Shorter upstream and downstream pipe requirements Gas Applying a voltage across the faces of a piezo-electric cylinder causes the crystal to oscillate The crystal oscillations excite the molecules of the fluid and a pressure wave is sent across the fluid. Applied AC Voltage Theory of Operation - Piezo Martin Schlebach (Emerson)
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: AC7397B3

Paper Number: 14 - 0250 The Proper Use Of Guided Wave Radar In High-Pressure Steam Loops
Author(s): Gerhard Jansson
Abstract/Introduction:
A prerequisite for the SAGD process is generation of high-quality, high-temperature and high-pressure steam. Hence in this white paper, key aspects of traditional measurement technologies to measure water levels in high-pressure steam loops (e.g., high-pressure steam separators) will be broadly reviewed and compared with the newer Guided Wave Radar technology. Measuring level is critical in steam systems as this measurement is used to control water supply and corresponding steam levels. If the amount of water is not precise, efficiency will suffer. In more extreme circumstances, damage to other components from either too much water (carryover) or too little water (low water condition) can occur, shortening the steam systems lifespan.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 5BAF44FC

Minimizing Bias Between Online And Lab Viscom
Author(s): Kevin Boehm Darren Wilson
Abstract/Introduction:
The Pursuit of Accuracy Bitumen and Heavy Oil Characteristics Dilbit and Synbit Characteristics Viscosity Error Test and Results Rheological Considerations Conclusion
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 7AE92A9F

1 PERFORMANCE OF A VORTEX FLOW METER IN WET GAS/STEAM APPLICATIONS
Author(s): THOMAS KUNIMUENCH DR. RAINER HOECKER CHRISTIAN KAEHR
Abstract/Introduction:
Due to their robustness, Vortex flow meters are widely used as a flow metering work-horse in many applications over a wide range of implementations. Within this field of operation the device is, from time to time, exposed to two phase flow particularly in gas and steam applications. From other flow metering devices in particular those based on measuring differential pressure i.e. Venturi nozzles, orifice plates, etc. It is well known that the presence of a liquid phase in a gas flow causes a significant increase in measurement certainty, if the second phase is not taken into account. Correlations have been published that allow for a correction of the output of Venturi nozzles in case of wet gases. As to the authors knowledge there is no such in formation available in the open literature for Vortex flow meters.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: EA302C9F

Improving Proration Factors
Author(s): David Penton June-Marie Innes Lorin Gaudet
Abstract/Introduction:
4 What is the Purpose for Proration Factors? Proration Factors are used to report production from periodic well tests through a facility with continuous measurement of the sales stream Proration Factor Actuals/Estimates Total Production/Sum of Test Volumes.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 6F8D0353

Concerns For The Meter Proving Witness
Abstract/Introduction:
What is Custody Transfer? Sale of Product Consignment of Product Change of Ownership +/-.15% Linearity with .05% repeatability Agreement between buyer and seller.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 02064A6D

DP Meter Diagnostics
Author(s): Kim Lewis,
Abstract/Introduction:
Introduction Development of the diagnostics Benefits of diagnostics Typical Examples Actual Applications Conclusion
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 04BCFF1F

The Changing Oil Transportation Market In Alberta By Truck And Rail
Author(s): Mike Rogi
Abstract/Introduction:
Due to a shortage of pipeline capacity across North America and significant price discrepancies between markets, oil producers have increasingly turned toward rail as a means of shipping their crude oil to refineries as a means of maximizing their netbacks. Shipments of crude oil by rail started from zero only a few years ago to mo re than 700,000 BPD in the North Dakota Bakken region alone.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: E44E3096

Wireless Isa 100.11a
Abstract/Introduction:
Overview of ISA100.11a Wireless ISA100.11a Strengths Why Wireless Technology Technical Issues Security Provisioning of Instruments Configuration of Gateway Tools
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 27214A4E

Featuring Bertha
Author(s): Michael Carr
Abstract/Introduction:
Practical demonstration of profile change on metering Influence of pipework Demonstration of turndown related to specification Impact of pressure (Gauge or atmospheric) Creation and effect of pressure drop
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: E0AAA9E8

Real Life Case Studies - Gas & Liquid Metering
Author(s): Wayne Dunnington
Abstract/Introduction:
AER ...installed according to applicable industry accepted standards or the manufacturers recommendations. ...uncertainty requirements of Section 1
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 2859130E

LPG Driver Attended Transport Loading
Author(s): Steve Stewart
Abstract/Introduction:
The safest and most accurate method of transferring LPG from bulk storage to a transport is through a reliable metering system. The basic concept in designing an LPG Metering System is to provide dependable components which can safely be operated by drivers or plant personnel. The system must provide a means to limit the filling of the transport and provide a hard-copy of the total volume and the amount of odorant injected for each loading transaction.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: F73994EE

LNG Liquifaction & Natural Gas Cryogenic Fractionation
Abstract/Introduction:
Extremely cold temperatures for separation of liquid products Frozen water causes equipment problems downstream Plants are known to freeze-up. Can shut down plant. - Costs the plant lost revenue - Disrupts the distribution chain upstream and downstream
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 3FF0135A

Gas Measurement By Difference
Author(s): Colby Ruff
Abstract/Introduction:
Scenario: Measured gas source (BTYB) tied into a gas proration battery (BTYA) where the hydrocarbon liquids at the proration battery are produced to a tank and sold without further processing Current Requirement: Report BTYB gas + GEV of condensate to BTYA
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 83F3FFA5

Coriolis: A New Liquids Measurement Technology For Transcanada
Abstract/Introduction:
Using Coriolis meters for crude oil custody transfer measurement is a new thing for TransCanada It is being looked at because of some key performance characteristics: has minimal maintenance costs has no moving parts are relatively indestructible: cannot get over sped or damaged by gas bubbles has smart meter diagnostics (the ability to alarm if the meter is sick).
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 37D3E5E6

Performance Tradeoffs In Radiation-Based Measurements
Author(s): Chris Willoughby
Abstract/Introduction:
Goal: Understand how radiation source sizing affects measurement quality so you can better specify applications to get desired results. Topics: Measurement principle Source sizing priorities and terms Resolution in radiation-based measurements How to specify applications.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: B2373C12

On Open Discussion Surrounding The Development & Enhancement Of A Measurement Program
Author(s): Wayne Dunnington
Abstract/Introduction:
To Build Measurement Integrity: Understand Objectives, OR... We must develop Mission, Vision, Values and Goals As a Measurement Group and/or as a Corporation
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 973A0F11

What To Expect On Wireless Hart
Abstract/Introduction:
We will Discuss: Overview in WirelessHART Hands-On WirelessHART Scalable, reliable, secure, and standards-based Proven in thousands of challenging applications around the world Broad range of wireless products available You can start anywhere Smart Wireless reduces costs and complexity
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: ED77AC6F

Measurement Validation And System Balancing For Todays Measurement Group
Abstract/Introduction:
Overview of the Measurement Process Identifying System Balancing Issues Resolving System Balancing Issues Configuring Validation Options Automatic Estimates and Resolving Exceptions Improving Measurement Integrity Conclusion
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 7C3378E9

Charts, Efm, Scada And Other Magic Devices
Abstract/Introduction:
Operate the meter so the differential pressure is in the upper 2/3 of the chart range No painting on chart Temperature range required for a three-pen recorder, written temperature (with the units) required for a two-pen recorder Zero the meter once per chart cycle Properly fill in chart Time entered to nearest 5 minutes
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: E57BBE5B

Measurement Influences And Uncertainty
Abstract/Introduction:
Performance, conformance and bias contribute very differently to measurement inaccuracy and uncertainty. Risk based measurement procedures are based on an understanding of the relative contribution/control measures of these errors and the measurement accuracy/uncertainty contribution.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: CE75848C

Installation Effects On Gas Flow Measurement Metering
Abstract/Introduction:
There are many books, standards and detailed articles covering the topic of Good Engineering Practice and yet, one of the main issues for all flow-meter manufacturers is the adverse impact of poor site installation practice. This paper is not intended as a scientific document, rather an observation born from years of experience in resolving these very site related issues. The cost to industry, in both time and money, with the potential for customer loss of confidence in any given technology and manufacturer, is very real and significant. All flow meter manufacturers have experience of this, and all for a few dollars of straight pipework.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: BBA55A43

Primary Elements
Author(s): Warren Peterson
Abstract/Introduction:
Primary device or element is the part of the measurement system that has direct contact with the product. There are different philosophies for gas measurement. Can measure volume or mass.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 1FEE27E0

FFV - Why All The attention?
Abstract/Introduction:
Just small sources, right? Literally hundreds of thousands of emission points ESRD Oil and Gas Reclamation Statistics 400K oil & gas wells have been drilled in Alberta to date 160K of those have been abandoned 14K new wells drilled each year in Alberta alone AER Licensed Facility List 29,428 active facility licenses in Alberta alone Increased scrutiny by public and government Inaccurate estimation and/or reporting can lead to a Notice of High Risk Noncompliance from the AER.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: A6214CE5

How Will Your Instrumentation Commissioning Strategy, Impact Operations?
Author(s): Jason Riege
Abstract/Introduction:
Theres no other time in the Life Cycle of Your plant that every single piece of equipment will be handled Utilize this opportunity to collect information Give your future people a chance to put their best foot forward.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 916F50F1

Analytical Data: Quality And Frequency And Its Financial Impact To Your Bottom Line
Author(s): John Humnycki
Abstract/Introduction:
The quality of analyses varies from laboratory to laboratory, and even within a given laboratory itself. Many factors can have a cumulative effect in the final product being delivered. A number of variables need to be considered when choosing your laboratory. Some of these factors should include the experience of the sampler, sample point suitability, the methods used when sampling as well as when conducting the analyses, proficiency of the analysts, and a solid quality control program.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 9993FDBD

Optimizing Measurement Technology For Crude Oil Blending
Author(s): Jon Moreau
Abstract/Introduction:
Factors effecting blender configuration In line blending system design philosophies Factors affecting accuracy and uncertainty Case study
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 20433EB2

How Will Your Instrumentation Commissioning Strategy Impact Operations? By: Jason Riegert - Endress Hauser Canada LTD How Will Your Instrumentation Commissioning Strategy Impact Operations?
Author(s): Jason Riegert
Abstract/Introduction:
A well-established commissioning and start-up plan works for you in reducing costs, maximizing manpower utilization and ensuring a time plan is executed through out the highs and lows that occur from construction to operations. But are there more benefits that you need to be asking for? Commissioning and start-up of a new facility/expansion offers a unique opportunity, as this is the only time each and every instrument will be touched at least once. Information collected during this important phase of the plants life-cycle significantly impacts operational excellence by ensuring that future operators and maintainers are equipped with valuable information that will enable them to make informed decisions impacting safety, yield/quality and process availability.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: 3BC7AB03

Safety Topic - In The Dark
Abstract/Introduction:
Winter is still here in March and most of us tend to wear dark colored winter clothing. It makes it difficult for drivers to see us as pedestrians. Please be cautious when crossing roads. Wear something bright so that you are easily seen.
Go to Download Page
Email Reference
Document ID: F0CD65F9


Copyright © 2017