Measurement Library

Western Gas Measurement Short Course Publications (1975)

Western Gas Measurement Short Courses

Care Of The Eloerly Meters-, That Isby
Author(s): Norman A. Hammersly
Abstract/Introduction:
LABOR SAVING METER REPAIR TECHNIQUES AND TOOLS FOR conglomerate of utilities in Our Company is the about 500 predecessor northern and central California were gradually merged through a which hundred year period. Many were gas companies which had meter repair and testing shops, most of which were phased out during the years of the Companys consolidation. By 1973 we had eliminated all but 8 shops, and had decided to consolidate into a single new shop in the population
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Document ID: D4122A7C

American Meter Gas Turbine Meters
Author(s): Wilbui W Lin1 Jim Axelton
Abstract/Introduction:
The turbine meter, because n is capable of accurately measuring large volumes of gas over a wide minimum to maximum flow range, is being used quite extensively. With the supply of natural gas decreasing and the cost rising, the need for establishing a good maintenance and testing program for all types of gas meters becomes increasingly important. The frequency of testing and maintenance of turbine meters will vary depending on company policy, purity of the gas and gas system, and Public Utility Commission regulations.
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Document ID: 6BE9AE0B

Mercury Instruments
Author(s): Ivan H Gulick Lawrence D. Lambert
Abstract/Introduction:
To obtain the accuracy, the most economy measurement equipment cost, and operation cost, minimum telemetering cost, minimum monitoring cost and minimum customer billing cost, an ideal gas measurement system should have only a single corrected volume count to handle. This natural gas measurement system uses only one volume count corrected for temperature and pressure with supercompressibiityy factored in.
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Document ID: B685F53B

Daniel Equipment
Author(s): Tony D. Watkin Gary F. Mckinney
Abstract/Introduction:
RIGHT ON WITH THE DANIEL DIGITAL FLOW COMPUTER The Daniel Series 1230 Digital Gas Flow Computer was developed in 1972 to improve the accuracy of computation for orifice metering of natural gas. It is a compact, self-contained, solid-state instrument which represents a significant improvement in the state-of-the-art of gas measurement. Before discussing the digital gas flow computer in detail, it might be informative to briefly re- view the history of its predecessor, the Daniel Analog Gas Flow Computer. ANALOG GAS FLOW COMPUTER WITH TELEMETERING TRANSMITTER
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Document ID: 2D7C40D0

Noise Control Technology
Author(s): Don Day
Abstract/Introduction:
Noisy pressure reducing stations are a headache. But noise is a problem only when someone hears it if there are no people within ten miles of a noisy regulator, there is no problem. The solution is easy Locate regulators in remote areas where there are no people and there is not a problem. Unfortunately, this doesnt work either unless you buy 100 acres, someone will build a house nearby and then complain about the noise. Also, there is the problem of employees working in a noisy environment and the resultant ear damage.
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Document ID: EFDEA5B9

Remote Systems - Answer To The Challenge
Author(s): J. S. Kauchich
Abstract/Introduction:
The natural gas industry has faced, and continues to face, an increasing number of complex operating criteria. These operating problems affect everything that we do in producing, transporting, and distributing our product to our customers. Two major problems that we face are increasing costs and decreasing supplies. The shortage has been y/ery prominent in the news for roughly three years.
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Document ID: B5B11A12

Reasons For And Methods Of Downstream Pressure Protection
Author(s): Haruia F. Kruzan
Abstract/Introduction:
Overpressure protection devices are of vital interest to the gas industry. Every pipeline, main, distribution system, customers meter, and connected facility must be analyzed to determine the need for such a device. The primary requirements for overpressure protection are established by Part 192-Transportatinn of Natural and Other Gas by Pipeline: Minimum Federal Safety Standards, commonly called the D.O.T. Code
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Document ID: AC401D79

Contaminant Removal
Author(s): George Pu1icella
Abstract/Introduction:
I would like to discuss a problem with you today that we all face, but for some strange reason has never been presented at any previous school. I refer to the removal of contaminants from the gas s t T o r d e r to properly analyze the problem of gas contaminants and thereby draw some logical conclusions as to methods of combating the problem, it becomes necessary to identify and categorize each contaminant
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Document ID: F73EF1F0

Fundamentals Of Regulation
Author(s): Howard Berghegger
Abstract/Introduction:
A gas pressure regulator is device utilizing mechanical and pneu matic principles designed to reduce varying high pressures to a constant lower pressure throughout a range of flows. Originally, the regulators primary function was to reduce high pressure to a more usable lower pressure. Today. much more is required of a simple spring loaded regulator and several operating functions are being satisfied. They are no longer just pressure reducing devices but are an integral instrument of measurement and have the internal ability to satisfy the stringent modern safety codes of D.O.T. Regulators must be selected and sized to match measurement and safety requirements.
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Document ID: 2E9C1D21

Remote Control Electronic( And Pneumatic) Workshop
Author(s): Jim Taylor Mark Smith
Abstract/Introduction:
The intent of this discussion is to focus attention on how a specific natural gas distribution system can incorporate standard control components and achieve differing control capabilities. The first application we will consider is control of a discharge pressure system at Intermountain Gas Companys new LNG Facility. The purpose of this control is to maximize the LNG output efficiency by utilizing downstream line capacities and loop back pressure controls. The automatic pressure controls allow distant regulator stations to automatically close or open on pressure increase andlor decrease from the LNG Facility.
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Document ID: 0FC6F0BC

Fisher Equipment
Author(s): Frank Martin Tom Fritzler
Abstract/Introduction:
We will cover two new products produced by Fisher Controls Company in Marshalltow,, Iowa which cover extreme ranges of gas regulation. We would like to talk about the Fisher Service Regulator with a relief monitor and also the Fisher 298H-EK Large Volume Regulator
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Document ID: AC0021D2

What The Office Group Needs From Field Personnel
Author(s): Lynn Vowles
Abstract/Introduction:
We are all thoroughly familiar with the energy shortage that faces our country. As members of organizations that supply one form of energy -- natural gas -- it becomes necessary to take a second look at some of the problems facing us. Supplies are becoming limited, costs are rising, governmental controls are tightening up and a host of other situations combine to make the situation tough. Allocations and curtailment of customers supplies means we must upgrade our dispatching procedures and accurate and up-to-date records must be maintained.
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Document ID: 2FE87797

Rockwell Equipment
Author(s): Jim Call
Abstract/Introduction:
In this session we will cover one product, a relatively new Rockwell regulator, the 243-R.P.C. The 243- R.P.C. regulator is a unique product for it is the only true power pilot or relay operated service regulator. Essentially this regulator will produce the same type of accuracies you have come to expect from better known pilot operated regulators such as the Rockwell 1001 and 441-V.P.C
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Document ID: 247FB723

Sprague Equipment
Author(s): W. A. Perecz Howard Berghegger
Abstract/Introduction:
The Canadian gas companies are falling behind their American counterparts in the field of pressure factor measurement. Our industry has received the Federal Government temporary approval on pressure factor installations about two years ago. At the present moment, the regulation is still temporary and we all hope to receive final approvals on this type of measurement by the end of the Summer. I am not going into boring details describing all the limits and specifications set by our Government, but I would like to mention two important points
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Document ID: 54CD35AD

Fundamentals Of Relief Valves
Author(s): Don Broaddus
Abstract/Introduction:
Reference on definitions RP520 Part 1, Paragraph 3.1) (a) Relief Valve: A rel is an automatic pressure-relievigg device actuated by the static pres sure upstream of the valve, and which opens in proportion crease in pressure over the pressure. It is used primarily for
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Document ID: BA362C7C

American Meter Equipment
Author(s): James Henn
Abstract/Introduction:
The axial flow valve is a pilot operated expandable.sleeve valve commonly used for pressure reducing, monitoring, relief, on-off and check valve applications. Two models are now avail able the 720# and 1440# models. They are built in the following sizes 720# , 2 3 4 6 8 12 inch inch inch Inch inch inch
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Document ID: B2D4B4CC

Grove Equipment
Author(s): Henry Becker
Abstract/Introduction:
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION - The Grove Flexflo is a valve of unique design. The operating member is an expansible tube. This tube is slipped over a cylindrical metal core having a series of longitudinal slots at each end, with a separating barrier between. Action of the expansible tube is determined by control of the differential pressure across it. In its operation, the Flexflo valve resembles a diaphragm motor valve with the expansible tube acting as both diaphragm and inner valve.
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Document ID: 95902E99

Metrication Industry In The Natural Gas
Author(s): Gary F. Mckinney
Abstract/Introduction:
The United States is moving toward the metric system of measurement. What is the metric system? Is it the MKS (meter-kilogram-sec) system I used in high school physics? Partly. The metric system that has been proposed for use in the United States is a modified MKS system and is called the International System of Units (SI). In an act issued on July 28, 1866, the U. S. Congress declared it lawful to use the metric system of weights and measures.
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Document ID: E8D16EC0

LNG Fundamentals
Author(s): Ronald G. Forsyth
Abstract/Introduction:
Intertnountain Gas Company is a natural gas distribution utility whose area is the Southern Section of the State of Idaho. From the drawing Natural Gas Supply Corridors, you can see that we are served by Northwest Pipeline Corporation with a feed from the South in the Fourcorners area, and the North from Canada
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Document ID: 17DE4496

Digital Flow Computation And Control
Author(s): John W. Stuart
Abstract/Introduction:
Todays technology is experiencing a virtual explosion of electronic digital everythings. Digital clock radios and digital watches, digital pressure indicators and digital voltmeters, digital television sets and digital oven controls, digital computers and the amazing digital pocket calculators. The 20 digital pocket calculator can multiply with an accuracy of nine digits
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Document ID: B0A86B23

The Gas Dispatcher Confesses To Measurement And Control
Abstract/Introduction:
uifi-nSeed a pleasure for me to be with you today and to discuss with you an element of your business that perhaps, in the past, has not received much attention. This element concerns itself with your relationship as measurement and control people to the gas dispatching activities of your company.
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Document ID: BB2A480C

Utilizing Your People Resources - Strategy For Excellence
Author(s): Leise G. Robbins
Abstract/Introduction:
new department is developing within organizations in the Swinging Seventies that requires the increasing attention of management. It is characterized by new workers with new values demands for a voice in decision making from lower levels in the organization new kinds of problems requiring solutions not yet developed new standards of responsibility new levels of performance. Increasingly todays manager must seek out answers to problems that deal with the human element in the organization
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Document ID: 8549BEFF

The Need For Better On-Site Recording Instrumentation
Author(s): Henry C. Judd
Abstract/Introduction:
Id like to discuss a side of our business that I dont feel is getting the attention it deserves. I refer to on-site recording instrumentation. When I first joined the Gas Industry, this type of equipment was pretty much limited to two instruments - Rockwells CD Recorder and Americans V&P gauge. Both of these instruments produced a loop at the outer edge of a clock driven chart everytime 1,000, 10,000 or 100,000 cf of gas passed through the meter.
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Document ID: 193C7060

New Methods For Data Acquisition
Author(s): Graham D. Bogel
Abstract/Introduction:
Discussing new methods and devices is a risky thing. since new is likely to be relative to the participants in the discussion. the discussion is continued long enough. all are likely to conclude that there is nothing new under idea may be proposed before their time, or be set aside for lack of drive by the inventor.
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Document ID: 91486E89

Transfer Proving
Author(s): George L. Moore
Abstract/Introduction:
The purpose of this session is not to discuss the theory or economics of transfers but the problems of transfer proving and some of the solutions we have come up with. In the opening remarks our equipment, its problems and the solutions will be discussed. After that there will be time to discuss your equipment, your problems and your remedies.
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Document ID: B4F0B1A4

Rockwell Equipment
Author(s): William B. Marks Oscar Kash
Abstract/Introduction:
The term Gas Shortage is now a household word. Gas utilities are being restricted in their gas purchases. Gas allotment is becoming more of a reality. Confronted with these problems, measurement personnel are wanting, even demanding, to know more immediate information about their own gas systems consumption and their major customers
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Document ID: EB86EB90

Field Testinngg
Author(s): Da1e Fu11erton Julius P. Reisenauer
Abstract/Introduction:
Due to the energy crunch and assodaated high costs for natural gas it is essential that the testing and calibration of instruments and meters be as exact as possible. In the past, and in the majority of cases, all calibration of orifice meters and transducers was accomplished with the use of a water column and a deadweight tester. This gear is very accurate under ideal conditions, but as the temperature drops to freezing level
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Document ID: B64AE200

Fundamentals Of Gas Measurement
Author(s): Patrick m. Dean
Abstract/Introduction:
Any gas company, whether it be utility, pipeline or municipal, must determine the amount of gas they purchase and sell in their system. In some cases its just a few meters and other cases thousands of meters and related instruments accomplish this task. The job of keeping these meters and instruments accurate normally fall nn the Measurement Department. This may become a problem with a product such as natural gas when you cannot see it, feel it, package it, or carry it in a bucket. With the cost of natural gs on todays market, it would be ideal you could account for every cubic feet of gas that is produced and enters your system
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Document ID: 7CE23DEE

Bristol Equipment
Author(s): Dale Barnes Richard H. Cadmus
Abstract/Introduction:
In the Mountain Fuel distribution system, our use of transducers has been very limited. We installed our first transducers about four years ago. They consisted of two pressure and one differential transducer used on a compressor station. These gave us suction and discharge pressures and flow. The discharge transducer is also coupled to the control system for the compressors, which maintains the discharge setpoint pressure by starting and stopping the turbine engines as needed
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Document ID: D5EE3725


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