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Title: Measurement Of Free Water On Tankers
Author: Robert W, Goldstraw
Source: 1983 International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement
Year Published: 1983
Abstract: Accurate measurement of non-hydrocarbon elements of crude oil and oil products on marine vessels has become a principal goal of shippers and receivers especially during the last decade. This need is directly attributable both to the increased cost of oil and the development of more sophisticated marine accountability systems. One of the non-hydrocarbon constituents of many oil shipments is free water and the measurement of free water by several means has been examined closely both by independent manufacturers, refiners and inspectors as well as by the American Petroleum Institute* The findings of these research projects are the basis of this document.