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Title: Field And Laboratory Testing Of Sediment & Water In Crude Oil Class 5160
Author: Peter W. Kosewicz
Source: 2002 International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement
Year Published: 2002
Abstract: Sediment and water (S&W) are components that occur naturally in crude oil. In the API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards (MPMS) vocabulary section, sediment and water is defined as A material coexisting with, yet foreign to, petroleum liquid, that requires a separate measurement for reasons that include sales accounting. This foreign material includes free water and sediment and emulsified or suspended material and sediment. The quantity of suspended material present is determined by analytically testing a sample of petroleum liquid (see free water).