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Title: Four-Day Workweek For Servicemen?
Author: Thomas J. Gannon
Source: American Gas Association 1972
Year Published: 1972
Abstract: We at Boston Gas have not as yet adopted the rearranged workweek in our service department. But we are close to it. Our research is complete, our plan has been developed and approved by management, and we are at present finalizing negotiations with our union. I would first like to present a brief history of the present 5-day, 40-hour workweek in the United States, Then I will relate some known facts regarding the effects of the compressed or 4-day workweek on both company and employees. The compressed workweek has been hailed by prominent sociologists and economists as one of the major business innovations of the 1970s. It may be a major innovation, but it certainly should not have been unexpected. The workweek, as we know it, has been in a process of gradual change since the late 18th century. Back in the 1700s, the average workweek consisted of six 12-hour days. (Now only management continues to work that schedule.) In the 19th century there was a gradual reduction to six 10-hour days and finally in the early 1900s, during the depression and recovery periods, the 5-day 40-hour workweek took form and has prevailed to date.